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Section 126A of Representation of the People Act, 1951

Why in news?

The Election Commission (EC) sought an explanation from three media outlets for allegedly violating the provision related to exit polls under the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

About Section 126A

  • Prediction of poll results is banned from the first day of voting till elections ends, according to Section 126A of the RP Act, 1951.
  • The prediction of results even through astrologers, tarot card readers, political analysts or any other person is prohibited under Section 126A.
 
  • Contravention of this provision is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine or with both.
National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)

Why in news?

NMDC is investing about 1billion dollar in infrastructure in the next three years to help ramp up iron ore production.

About NMDC

  • NMDC is a Government of India fully owned public enterprise mineral producer,
  • It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel, Government of India.
  • It is incorporated in 1958.
  • It is involved in the exploration of wide range of minerals including iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, lime stone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesite, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite, beach sands etc.
  • It is India's single largest iron ore producerand exporter producing more than 35 million tons of iron ore from 3 fully mechanized mines in Chhattisgarh and Karnataka.
  • It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.

Operating mines

  1. Bailadila Iron Ore Mine, Chattisgarh
  2. Bailadila Iron Ore Mine, Chattisgarh
  3. Donimalai Iron Ore Mine, Karnataka
  4. Diamond Mining Project, Panna , Madhya Pradesh
Young Scientist Programme

Why in news?

The state-run Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) unveiled the maiden two-week long India Young Scientist Programme (Yuvika-2019) for the students selected from 29 states and 7 Union Territories across the country.

About the programme

  • It is a special programme for School Childrencalled “Young Scientist Programme” from this year.
  • The Program is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applicationsto the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of Space activities.
  • ISRO has chalked out this programme to “Catch them young”.
  • The residential training programmewill be of around two weeks duration.

Eligibility

  • Those who have finished 8th standard and currently studying in 9th standard will be eligible for the programme.
  • The selection is based on the academic performance and extracurricular activities.
 

Economy

Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI)

Why in news?

India has found problems with Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)’s STRI index  which ranks countries based on their services trade policies, indicating the outcomes are biased and counter-intuitive.

About STRI

  • The OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) is a unique, evidence-based tool that provides information on regulations affecting trade in services.
  • It measures it in 22 sectors across all OECD member countries and Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Russian Federation, and South Africa.
  • These countries and sectors represent over 80% of global trade in services.
  • It is computed by OECD.
  • It was launched in 2014.
  • The STRI toolkit can support policymakers to
  • Scope out reform options
  • Benchmark them relative to global best practice
  • Assess their likely effects
  • Shed light on the requirements that traders must comply with when entering foreign markets

About OECD

  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 36 member countries.
  • The mission of the OECD is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world.
  • As of 2017, the OECD member states collectively comprised 62.2% of global nominal GDP and 42.8% of global GDP at purchasing power parity.
  • OECD is an official United Nations observer.
  • It was founded in 1961.
  • It is headquartered in Paris, France.

Polity and Governance

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967

Why in news?

The Centre extended the ban on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for another five years under Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 with immediate effect.

About UAPA

  • The UAPA is India’s primary anti-terror law.
  • It is an Act to provide for the more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations, and for dealing with terrorist activities, and for matters connected therewith.
 
  • UAPA was formulated to prevent unlawful activites such as terrorism, money laundering, terror financing etc.
  • Section 3 of the UAPA deals with the “declaration of an association as unlawful”, and specifies that notifications by the government making such a declaration “shall specify the grounds on which it is issued and such other particulars as the Central government may consider necessary”.
  • It defines terrorist activities as
  • Acts that threaten the economic security of India and damage its monetary stability.
  • Acts of demanding bombs, explosive/ inflammable substances radiological, nuclear material with the intention of aiding, abetting or committing terrorism.
  • Acts that involve detention, abduction, threats to kill or injure, or other actions so as to compel an international or inter-governmental organization to comply with some demand.
  • Acts within the scope of and defined in any of the treaties listed in the Second Schedule of the Bill.
  • The Act empowers the government to declare an organisation as “terrorist” and ban it.
  • Membership of such a proscribed organisation becomes a criminal offence.
  • The Act allows detention without filing of a charge-sheet for up to 180 days, police custody can be up to 30 days.
  • It creates a presumption of guilt for terrorism offences based on the evidence seized.
  • The Act authorises the creation of special courts, with wide discretion to hold in-camera proceedings (closed-door hearings) and uses secret witnesses.
  • The Bill confers additional powers upon the court to provide for attachment or forfeiture of:
  • Property equivalent to the counterfeit Indian currency involved in the offence.
  • Property equivalent to the value of the proceeds of terrorism involved in the offence. Event
  • All or any of the property of an accused, based on evidence produced before the court, in cases where the trial cannot be concluded.

Current Affair Capsules

Atremis
  • It is NASA’s new Moon landing program named after Apollo's sister.
  • Apollo, whose name was used by NASA for the series of spacecraft that first landed Americans on the moon in 1969.
International Army Games
  • The International Army Games is an annual Russian military sports event by Ministry of Defence Russia, which have taken place since August 2015 and the games have been referred to as the War Olympics.
  • In a first, India will host a part of an international military sports event in Rajasthan's Jaisalmer.

Map Aided Programme

South India Topography
  • Major hills( south to north)
  • Cardamom hills- palani hills-nilgiris-shevroy- javadi
  • Rivers dissecting them are:
  • Palar above javadi
  • Pennar between javadi and shevroy
  • Kaveri between shevroy and nilgiris

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)-(2018)

  1. Which Consider the following statements:

In India, State Governments do not have the power to auction non-coal mines.

Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand do not have gold mines.

Rajasthan has iron ore mines.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

  • 1 and 2 (b) 2 only                    
  • 1 and 3                       (d) 3only