Digital Communications Commission
Why in news?
The Digital Communications Commission (DCC) has approved levying of penalty on Bharti Airtel Ltd. and Vodafone Idea Ltd. for denial of interconnection to Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd. when the latter had entered market in 2016.
About the commission
- It is the erstwhile Telecom Commission.
- It is the highest decision-making body of Department of Telecom (DoT) under Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
- The Telecom Commission was set up by the Government of India on 11th April, 1989 with administrative and financial powers of the Government of India to deal with various aspects of Telecommunications.
- The Government, on 22nd October, 2018 has re-designated the 'Telecom Commission' as the 'Digital Communications Commission' through the National Digital Communications Policy 2018.
- The Digital Communications Commission consists of
- A Chairman
- Four full time members, who are ex-officio Secretaries to the Government of India in the Department of Telecommunications
- Four part time members who are the Secretaries to the Government of India in the concerned Departments.
- The Secretary to the Government of India in the Department of Telecommunications is the ex-officio Chairman of the Digital Communications Commission.
- The full-time members of panel include DoT’s Additional Secretary, Member (finance), Member (services) and Member (technology).
- The part-time members of body are NITI Aayog’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) secretary and Ministry of Electronics and IT secretary and Secretary (Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion).
National Crime Records bureau (NCRB)
Why in news?
NCRB, Centre differ on Bengal political murders.
- NCRB is the Nodal Agency for authentic source of data on crime, accidents, suicides, and prisons for policy matters and research.
- It is mandated to empower the Indian Police with Information Technology and is responsible for collecting, maintaining and analysing the crime data of the country.
- It functions as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
- It is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.
- NCRB was set up in 1986 based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task force (1985).
More about the bureau
- It facilitates Investigating Officers with updated IT tools and information in Investigation of Crimes.
- Bureau is also apex nodal agency for all Finger Print related matters including accreditation of Finger Print Experts in the country.
- Bureau is implementing & monitoring agency for implementation of Crime & Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS), a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan of Government of India.
- The project aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing in the country.
- NCRB also imparts training in Information Technology (IT) and Finger Print Science for Indian Police Officers as well Foreign Police officers.
Why in news?
Indian Coast Guard (ICG) co-hosts 12th ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre (ISC) capacity building workshop in New Delhi.
- ReCAAP is the first regional government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.
- ReCAAP stands for Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP).
- The ReCAAP Agreement was launched in November 2006 with14 Asian Contracting Parties including North, Southeast, and South Asian countries.
- Presently 20 countries are members of ReCAAP, including Europe (Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, and the United Kingdom), Australia, and the United States.
- The ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre (ReCAAP ISC) was established in Singapore on November 29, 2006.
- India played an active role in the setting up and functioning of ReCAAP ISC along with Japan and Singapore.
- Union Government has designated ICG as the focal point within India for ReCAAP.
- India has hosted this workshop earlier in November 2011 at Goa and December 2017 at New Delhi.
More about ReCAAP
- Information sharing, capacity building and mutual legal assistance are the three pillars of co-operation under the ReCAAP agreement.
- An ISC has been established at Singapore to collate and disseminate the information among the contracting parties and the maritime community.
- Capacity building workshop is organised annually by the ISC and is co-hosted by one of the contracting parties.
Forest landscape restoration
Why in news?
The Union Minister launched a flagship project on enhancing capacity on forest landscape restoration (FLR) and Bonn Challenge in India
- Forest landscape restoration (FLR) is the ongoing process of regaining ecological functionality and enhancing human well-being across deforested or degraded forest landscapes.
- FLR is more than just planting trees.
- It is restoring a whole landscape to meet present and future needs and to offer multiple benefits and land uses over time.
- It is long-term because it requires a multi-year vision of the ecological functions and benefits to human well-being that restoration will produce.
- The restoration must complement and not displace existing land uses.
- FLR manifests through different processes such as: new tree plantings, managed natural regeneration, agroforestry, or improved land management to accommodate a mosaic of land uses, including agriculture, protected wildlife reserves, managed plantations, riverside plantings and more.
The Bonn Challenge
- The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020 and 350 million by 2030.
- The Bonn Challenge is an implementation vehicle for national priorities such as water and food security and rural development while simultaneously helping countries contribute to the achievement of international climate change, biodiversity and land degradation commitments.
- The 2020 target was launched at a high level event in Bonn in 2011 organised by the Government of Germany and IUCN.
- It was later endorsed and extended to 2030 by the New York Declaration on Forests of the 2014 UN Climate Summit.
- To date, 56 governments, private associations and companies have pledged over 168 million hectares to the Challenge.
Current Affair Capsules
- It is the name of newly launched Facebook’s cryotocurrency.
- It is a digital asset built by Facebook and powered by a new Facebook-created version of blockchain, the encrypted technology used by bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
Map Aided Programme
National Parks of Arunachal Pradesh
- Namdapha National Park
- Mouling National Park
Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)
- In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found?
- Cambay Basin
- Cauvery Basin
- Krishna-Godavari Basin
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3