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Rashtriya Gokul Mission

Why in news?

Funds have been sanctioned under Rashtriya Gokul Mission for setting up of 21 Gokul Grams as Integrated Cattle Development Centres.

About the Scheme

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission is a focused project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development.
  • The objectives of this mission includes Conservation of indigenous breeds and their development to improve their genetic makeup, enhancing the milk productivity and distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

Implementation

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being implemented through “State Implementing Agencies (SIA) viz Livestock Development Boards.
  • State Gauseva Ayogs were mandated to sponsor proposals to the SIAs and monitor implementation of the
 
  • sponsored proposal.
  • Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis and throughout the country.
  • It includes:
  • Establishment of Integrated Indigenous cattle centres “Gokul Gram”.
  • Establishment of Breeder’s societies “Gopalan Sangh”.
  • Award to Farmers “Gopal Ratna” and Breeders’ societies “Kamadhenu”.
  • Establishment of Field Performance Recording (FPR) in the breeding tract.
  • Assistance to institution which are repositories of best germplasm.

What is Gokul Gram?

  • These are Indigenous Cattle Centres and will act as Centres for development of Indigenous Breeds.
  • They’ll be established in
  1. Native breeding tracts
  2. Near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle
  • It is a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.
  • It is self-sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of milk, organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.
  • It also functions as state of the art in situ training Centre for Farmers, Breeders.

Security

Project 15B

Why in news?

Fire breaks out on under-construction warship INS Visakhapatnam at Mumbai's Mazagon Dock, first of P15-B stealth destroyers.

About the project

  • Project 15B is a class of stealth guided missile destroyers currently under construction for the Indian Navy.
  • It is also known as the Visakhapatnam class.
  • The class comprises four ships
  1. INS Visakhapatnam
  2. INS Mormugao
  3. INS Imphal
  4. INS Porbandar
  • All of the destroyers are being built by the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.
  • These ships have been designed indigenously by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design, New Delhi.
  • The destroyers are an improved version of the Kolkata-class (Project 15A) and will feature enhanced stealth characteristics.

Features

  • The P15B destroyers incorporate new design concepts for improved survivability, sea keeping, stealth and
 
  • Enhanced stealth features and use of radar transparent deck fittings which make these ships difficult to detect.
  • P15B ships will be equipped to carry and operate two multiple role helicopters.

More about the project

  • The contract for the construction of four Project 15B destroyers was signed in January 2011.
  • The keel for the first Project 15B ship, named INS Visakhapatnam (D 66), was laid in October 2013 and the vessel was launched in April 2015.
  • The keel laying ceremony of second destroyer in class, INS Mormugao (D 67), was held in June 2015 and the vessel was launched at MDL shipyard in Mumbai, during September 2016.
  • The first ship is expected to enter service in 2021.

World Affairs

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

Why in news?

ILO adopts #MeToo treaty against harassment at work.

About the news

  • The convention will be binding on governments that ratify it.
  • The treaty aims to protect workers, irrespective of contractual status, from harassment in the work place.
  • It also covers work-related trips, training, social activities, communications and commutes.

About ILO

  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the United Nations agency for the world of work.
  • It was created in 1919 by the Versailles Peace Treaty ending World War I.
  • After the demise of the League of Nations, the ILO became the first specialized agency associated with the UN.
  • It sets international labour standards, promotes rights at work and encourages decent employment opportunities, the enhancement of social protection and the strengthening of dialogue on work-related issues.
  • The ILO has 187 member States.

Organizational Structure

  • Unlike other United Nations specialized agencies, the ILO has a tripartite governing structure representing governments, employers, and workers.
  • The ILO’s Secretariat has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and a global network of technical experts and field offices in more than 40 countries.
  • The International Labour Conference (ILC) meets once a year to adopt new international labour standards and to approve the ILO’s work plan and budget.
  • The Governing Body is the executive council of the ILO and meets three times a year in Geneva.
  • In 1988, the international labour conference adopted the “Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights
 
  • at Work”.
  • It aims to eliminate all forms of forced or compulsory labour, abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in employment and occupation.
International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

Why in news?

Senior bureaucrat Shefali Juneja was appointed as representative of India (JS Level) in council of International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), Montreal, Canada.

About International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

  • The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel.
  • It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
  • It was established in 1944.
  • It was established to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
  • The headquarters is at Montreal, Canada.

Current Affair Capsules

Operation Bandar
  • It is the code name for the air strike India carried out against Pakistan in Balakot.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA)
  • The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the first comprehensive US federal law to address trafficking in persons which provides a three-pronged approach that includes prevention, protection, and prosecution.
  • India was placed (i.e., remained) in Tier 2, which comprises “countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.”
Kaleswaram Project
  • It is the world’s largest lift irrigation project and drinking water system.
  • The project will harness the flood waters of River Goadavari and will help in irrigating Telangana.

Map Aided Programme     

National Parks of Mizoram
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park
  • Sirohi National Park
  • Murlen National Park
  • Only about 1% of the sun’s ray can penetrate the forest on a sunny day. So the thickness of the forest in the park is generally compared to the forest found in the Amazon region in South America.
  • Some of the trees found in the park are as old as 350 years.
  • Phawngpui National Park
  • It bears the name of the mountain Phawngpui, often called the Blue Mountain of Mizoram, which is the highest mountain peak in the state
  • The landscape is the natural habitat of various grasses

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)

  1. With reference to the Agreement at the UNFCCC meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  2. The agreement was signed by all the member countries of the UN and it will go into effect in 2017.
  3. The agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of this century does not exceed 2oC or even 1.5oC above pre-industrial levels.
  4. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibility in global warming and committed to donate $1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climate change.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • 1 and 3 only                    (b) 2 only               

(c) 2 and 3 only                        (d) 1,2 and 3