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Government Interventions

India Hypertension Management Initiative

Why in news?

Pilot project of IHMI in 4 districts of Kerala shows improvement in diabetes and hypertension control

About IHMI

  • The IHMI aims to reduce disability and death related to cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in India.
  • It is by improving the control of high blood pressure (hypertension), reducing salt consumption and eliminating artificial trans-fats, leading risk factors for CVD.
  • It is a collaborative project of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), State Governments, World Health Organization (WHO), and Resolve to Save Lives initiative of Vital Strategies.
 
  • This initiative aims to strengthen the cardiovascular disease component of the Health Ministry’s National Program for Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS).
  • It will focus on strengthening hypertension management and monitoring at the primary health care level, within the existing healthcare system, and is aligned with WHO’s Global HEARTS Initiative and National Guidelines.

Goal

  • Reduction of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity through hypertension control by at least 50%.

Focus

  • The IHMI is focused on five essential components of scalable treatment of hypertension
  • Standardized simplified treatment plans through structured drug protocol
  • Patient-centered services, consistent monitoring and follow up
  • Regular and uninterrupted supply of quality-assured medications
  • Increased screening for HT for all above 18 years at all health centres
  • Task sharing so health workers who are accessible to patients can distribute medications already prescribed by the medical officer
Newspace India Limited

Why in news?

No clarity yet on functioning of the new business arm of DoS, Newspace India Limited.

About Newspace India Limited

  • It is a new company under the department of space to commercially exploit the research and development work of Indian Space Research Organisation.
  • It will be to act as a mediator or link between ISRO and the industry, and facilitate the transfer of ISRO technologies to private companies.
  • It will be based in Bangalore.
  • NSIL has an authorised capital of ₹10 crore and a paid up capital of ₹1 crore.
  • It is Department of Space (DoS)’s second commercial entity after Antrix.

Mandates

  • Transfer technology to industry for producing the commercially successful PSLV spacecraft launchers
  • Outsource assembly of small satellites and the upcoming Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)
  • Commercially exploit the R&D work done by ISRO centres and DoS constituents

About Antrix

  • Antrix is the commercial arm of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix) is incorporated on 1992 under the Companies Act, 1956.
 
  • It was set up in September 1992 to market the products and services of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • It is a wholly Government of India owned Company under the administrative control of Department of Space (DOS).
  • In the year 2008, the Company was awarded ‘MINIRATNA’ status.
  • Antrix promotes and commercially markets the products and services emanating from the Indian Space Programme.

Current business activities of Antrix

  • Provisioning of communication satellite transponders to various users
  • Providing launch services for customer satellites
  • Marketing of data from Indian and foreign remote sensing satellites
  • Building and marketing of satellites as well as satellite sub-systems
  • Establishing ground infrastructure for space applications
  • Mission support services for satellites

Economy

Prepaid payment instruments (PPIs)

Why in news?

RBI penalises prepaid payment instrument issuers Vodafone m-pesa, PhonePe and three others over regulatory violations.

About PPI

  • PPIs are instruments that facilitate purchase of goods and services, including financial services, remittance facilities, etc., against the value stored on such instruments.
  • It comes with a pre-loaded value and in some cases a pre-defined purpose of payment.
  • They facilitate the purchase of goods and services as well as inter-personal remittance transactions such as sending money to a friend or a family member.

Regulation

  • These payment instruments are licensed and regulated by the Reserve Bank of India.
  • RBI issue directions in exercise of the powers conferred under the PAYMENT AND SETTLEMENT SYSTEMS ACT, 2007.

Three types of PPIs

  1. Closed system PPIs
  • The most common example of a closed system PPI is a brand-specific gift card.
  • Such cards, physical or otherwise, can be used only at specific locations, and cannot be used to transfer funds from one account to another.
  • These do not require RBI approval.
  • Example: Amazon gift card
  1. Semi-closed system PPIs
  • These PPIs are issued by banks (approved by RBI) and non-banks (authorized by RBI) for purchase of goods
 
  • and services, including financial services, remittance facilities, etc.
  • These are not restricted to a single entity.
  • Instead, these can be used for purchase of any kind of goods and services from a merchant, as well as to transfer money to someone.
  • These instruments do not permit cash withdrawal.
  • E-wallets like Oxigen and Mobikwik are a common example.
  1. Open system PPIs
  • The open system PPIs can be issued only by banks and can be used at any merchant outlet for any purchase or even cash withdrawal.
  • A travel card is a type of open system PPI.
  • It can be used for all types of spending and for cash withdrawal from ATMs.

Who can issue and operate PPIs in India?

  • A company incorporated in India and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 / Companies Act, 2013 can issue and operate PPIs after receiving authorisation from RBI.

Is there any limit on loading of PPIs by cash or electronic means?

  • The cash loading of PPIs is limited to ₹ 50,000/- per month subject to overall limit of the PPI.

Security

INS Ranjit

Why in news?

INS Ranjit, the Indian Navy’s frontline missile destroyer, will be decommissioned after having served for 36 years.

About the news

  • INS Ranjit was the third of the five Kashin-class destroyers built by erstwhile USSR.
  • It was commissioned in 1983.

About Kashin class

  • The Kashin class were series of anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy since the 1960s.
  • Its Soviet designation is Project 61.
  • As of 2019, one ship remains in service with the Russian Navy.
  • Five modified ships are in service with the Indian Navy as Rajput-class destroyers.

Current Affair Capsules

Central Food Technological Research Institute
  • CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (CSIR-CFTRI), is one of the constituent laboratory under the aegis of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in Mysore, Karnataka.
  • It has prepared nearly one lakh meals for distribution in cyclone Fani hit areas of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.
Caudipteryx
  • Caudipteryx is a genus of peacock-sized theropod dinosaurs that lived in the Aptian age of the early Cretaceous Period (about 124.6 million years ago).
  • They were feathered and remarkably birdlike in their overall appearance, was one of the first-known feathered dinosaurs.

Map Aided Programme

Argentine Sea
  • The Argentine Sea is in the South Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern coast of Argentina, extending from the approximate latitude of Montevideo, Uruguay, southward to Tierra del Fuego, and is situated about 500 mi (800 km) north of Antarctica.

Dispute on Falkland island between UK and Argentina.

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)-(2013)

  1. The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a
  • (a) tax imposed by the Central Government
  • (b) tax imposed by the Central Government but collected by the State Government
  • (c) tax imposed by the State Government but collected by the Central Government.
  • (d) tax imposed and collected by the State Government.