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08 Sept 2018

Social Sector

Poshan Maah|Poshan Abhiyan

Why in news?

  • The month of September is being celebrated as Poshan Maah under the Poshan Abhiyan scheme.

What is Poshan Maah?

  • It is an initiative of the Woman and child development ministry and NITI Aayog supported by other ministries, departments and government organisations.
  • The primary objective of observation of Poshan Maah (National Nutrition Month) is to create grass root awareness about Nutrition.
  • The programme focuses on 8 themes Antenatal Care, Optimal Breastfeeding (Early & Exclusive), Complementary Feeding, Anemia, Growth Monitoring, Girls-education, diet, right age of Marriage, Hygiene & Sanitation, and Food Fortification.
  • It intends to take the awareness drive to a people’s movement level by synergizing efforts and leveraging technology.

About Poshan Abhiyan (National nutrition Mission)

  • POSHAN Abhiyan was launched on 8th March, 2018.
  • The programme seeks to holistically address malnutrition
    • By reducing the level of Stunting, Under-nutrition, Anemia and Low Birth Weight in Children.
    • As also, focus on Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers.
    • By leveraging Technology, targeted approach and convergence
  • It aims to ensure service delivery and interventions and bring about behavioural changes
  • It also lays down specific targets to be achieved across different monitoring parameters
  • All 36 States/UTs and 718 districts will be covered under the scheme in a phased manner by 2020.
South Asian Women Development Forum (SAWDF)

Why in news?

  • The South Asian Women Development Forum organized The International Women Entrepreneurs Summit 2018 in Kathmandu, Nepal from September 3 to 5.

About South Asian Women Development Forum (SAWDF)

  • SAWDF is an autonomous, nonprofit organization based in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • It is first SAARC Recognized Body organisation working on women entrepreneurs’ issues.
  • It was granted the status of SAARC Recognized Body at 18th SAARC Summit held in Kathmandu in 2014.
  • It represents national women entrepreneurs’ associations or organizations, institutions working towards economic issues of women entrepreneurs in SAARC Region.
  • Its membership is based on organizations with extensive work around women’s entrepreneurship.

About International Women Entrepreneurs Summit 2018

  • The main objective of the summit is to bring together achievers, women business leaders, professionals, international service providers, resource organisations, experts, government representatives and other stakeholders with a focus on innovative economic transformation through discussions and collaborations.
  • The theme was “Equality begins with Economic Empowerment.”

Science and Technology

Coffee Connect| Coffee Krishi Tharanga

Why in news?

  • The government recently launched two technology initiatives for the coffee sector
  • Coffee Connect- India coffee field force app and Coffee Krishi Tharanga – digital mobile extension services for coffee stakeholders.

About Coffee Connect App

  • It is a mobile app developed to ease the work of field functionaries and to improve the work efficiency.
  • This application provides solution by harnessing the power of mobility comprising the latest technology in easing the whole process of the field activities like digitization of Coffee Growers & Estates with Geo Tagging, collecting the Plantation details.
  • It will also help in transparency in the activities of the extension officers and officials, transparency in subsidy disbursement and real time report generation.

About Coffee Krishi Tharanga

  • The Coffee Krishi Tharanga services are aimed at providing customized information and services to increase productivity, profitability, and environmental sustainability.
  • NABARD has partly funded the Pilot project.
  • The solution will help in
    • to reach maximum growers in limited period,
    • efficient, timely, customised advisory,
    • improve the efficiency through digitization and
    • Leverage existing mobile reach for wider delivery of improved technology.

About Coffee Board of India

  • It is an organisation managed by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry to promote Coffee production.
  • It’s a statutory body established by the Coffee Act, 1942
  • Its duties includes
    • the promotion of the sale and consumption of coffee in India and abroad,
    • conducting coffee research,
    • financial assistance to establish small coffee growers,
    • safeguarding working conditions for laborers, and
    • Managing the surplus pool of unsold coffee.

Tidbits

  • The two well-known species of coffee grown are the Arabica and Robusta.
  • Indian coffee, grown mostly in southern states under monsoon rainfall conditions, is also termed as “Indian monsooned coffee”.
  • The first variety that was introduced in the Baba Budan Giri hill ranges of Karnataka in the 17th century was marketed over the years under the brand names of Kent and S.795.
  • Karnataka leads in coffee production in the country.

Economy

GeM|National Mission on GeM

Why in news?

  • The government has launched the National Mission on Government eMarketplace (GeM) for increasing awareness and accelerating the use of (GeM).

About GeM

  • It is an online marketplace to facilitate procurement of goods and services by various Ministries and agencies of the Government.
  • The platform offers online, end to end solution for procurement of commonly used goods and services for all central government departments and state governments, public sector units and affiliated bodies.
  • It aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement of goods and services and eliminate corruption.

National Mission on Government eMarketplace (GeM)

The aims of the mission include

  • creating awareness about GeM,
  • training the buyers and sellers,
  • getting them registered in GeM and
  • increasing the procurement through GeM.
  • promoting inclusiveness by empowering various categories of sellers and service providers such as MSMEs, start-ups, domestic manufacturers, women entrepreneurs, and Self-Help Groups.
  • increasing transparency and efficiency in public procurement, including corruption-free governance
  • giving a boost to cashless, contactless, paperless transactions in line with Digital India objectives.
International Aviation Summit

Why in news?

  • The International Aviation Summit, jointly organised by the Airports Authority of India, Ministry of Civil Aviation and International Air Transport Association (IATA), was held New Delhi.

Highlights of the summit

  • Discuss optimal regulatory and policy landscape for aviation in India
  • Deliberate on the future airport infrastructure roadmap for India
  • Address questions on what the developments across the related and supporting industries may hold out for aviation in India in the future
  • Share best practices and innovative approaches for sustainable aviation growth
  • Commemorate India’s milestone achievement of domestic aviation growth

Image result for iataAbout International Air Transport Association (IATA)

  • Formed in April 1945, it is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, which was formed in 1919.
  • It is the trade association for the world’s airlines, representing some 280 airlines or 83% of total air traffic.
  • IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It also provides consulting and training services in many areas crucial to aviation.
  • It is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.

About Airports Authority of India (AAI)

  • Airports Authority of India (AAI) was constituted by an Act of Parliament and came into being on 1st April 1995 by merging erstwhile National Airports Authority and International Airports Authority of India.
  • Image result for Airports Authority of IndiaIt is entrusted with the responsibility of creating, upgrading, maintaining and managing civil aviation infrastructure both on the ground and air space in the country.
  • AAI manages 125 airports, which include 18 International Airport, 07 Customs Airports, 78 Domestic Airports and 26 Civil Enclaves at Defense airfields.
  • The functions of AAI are as follows:
    • Design, Development, Operation and Maintenance of international and domestic airports and civil enclaves.
    • Control and Management of the Indian airspace extending beyond the territorial limits of the country, as accepted by ICAO.
    • Construction, Modification and Management of passenger terminals.
    • Development and Management of cargo terminals at international and domestic airports.
    • Provision of passenger facilities and information system at the passenger terminals at airports.
    • Expansion and strengthening of operation area, viz. Runways, Aprons, Taxiway etc.
    • Provision of visual aids.
    • Provision of Communication and Navigation aids, viz. ILS, DVOR, DME, Radar etc.

International Affairs| Disaster Management

‘IOWave18’

Why in news?

  • Indian Ocean Wave Exercise 2018 (IOWave18) was held in the Indian Ocean.

Image result for iowave18About IOWave18

  • It is a major Indian ocean-wide tsunami mock drill.
  • It involves evacuation of thousands of people from coastal areas in over half a dozen coastal states.
  • India along with 23 other nations is participated in the exercise.
  • This tsunami warning exercise is being organised by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, which coordinated the setting up of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (IOTWMS)

Objectives

  • The primary objective of IOWave18 exercise is to enhance tsunami preparedness at community level.
  • It also tests the standard operating procedure (SOP) and communication links at all levels of the warning chain.
  • The overall purpose of exercise is to increase tsunami preparedness, evaluate response capabilities in each state and improve coordination throughout the region.

About the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)

  • It promotes international cooperation and coordinates programs in marine research, services, observation systems, hazard mitigation, and capacity development to understand and manage the resources of the ocean and coastal areas.
  • It aims to improve the governance, management, institutional capacity, and decision-making processes of its Member States with respect to marine resources and climate variability.
  • IOC coordinates ocean observation and monitoring through the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) which aims to develop a unified network providing information on the oceans.
  • IOC also coordinates and fosters the establishment of regional intergovernmental tsunami warning and mitigation systems in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, in the North East Atlantic, Mediterranean and Caribbean seas.

Current Affairs Capsules

RISAT-1
  • Decommissioning of RISAT-1 has pushed researchers in Kerala to depend on foreign space agencies for satellite data for post-flood analysis and damage assessment.
  • RISAT-1 was an Indian Remote sensing satellite developed and operated by ISRO, for civilian applications. It was launched in 2012 and deactivated in 2017.
  • It was the second RISAT satellite to be launched, the first being RISAT-2, built by Israel Aerospace Industries, which was launched in 2009.
  • RISAT-2, which was prioritized over RISAT-1 following the 2008 Mumbai attacks, is reserved for strategic applications.
SAHI| 7C’s
  • A report titled ‘Transforming India’s Mobility: A Perspective’ prepared by the NITI Aayog and Boston Consulting Group (BCG) recommended “Safe, Adequate, Holistic Infrastructure or SAHI” as the future of mobility in India.
  • The report calls for efficient and convenient public transport to answer the twin problems of pollution and congestion.
  • Prime Minister Modi’s ‘7C’s’ for the future of mobility- common, connected, convenient, congestion free, charged, clean and cutting-edge.
KAZIND 2018
  • It is a joint military exercise between India and Kazakhstan.
  • The aim of the exercise is to build and promote bilateral Army to Army relations and exchange skills and experiences.
  • The exercise will also serve as a platform for exchange of drills and procedures.
  • This is the third joint military exercise between the two countries. The 2018 edition will be held in Otar region, Kazakhstan from 10 to 23 September 2018.