Why in news?
Functional routes under UDAN rises to 186.
About UDAN – UDE DESH KA AAM NAAGRIK
- It is a market based innovative scheme to develop the regional aviation market.
- It aims at providing connectivity to un-served and under-served airports of the country through revival of existing air-strips and airports.
- It seeks to boost air connectivity by linking up un-served and under-served airports in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities with the big cities and also with each other.
- On these routes for regional flights Airfares will be capped at 2500 rupees for an hour’s flight.
- Economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man even in small towns.
- It is the first-of-its-kind scheme that will ensure affordability, connectivity, growth and development.
- It aims to increase ticketing volume from 80 million to 300 million by 2022.
- Ministry of civil aviation is the implementation authority.
- The scheme is in operation for a period of 10 years.
- It started in 2016.
How does it operate?
- To develop regional market, interested airline and helicopter operators can bid for seat subsidies which will be funded through Viability Gap Funding (VGF).
- Regional Connectivity Fund to be created.
- Partner states would contribute a 20% share to this fund (NE state-10%).
- Airlines will also get various concessions as well.
What are the concessions?
- Various tax reductions and discounts on Route Navigation Facility Charges.
- No Landing and Parking charge and Terminal Navigation Landing Charges.
Related Information (PLUS)
About International UDAN
- International UDAN is an extension of the domestic UDAN scheme.
- Under International UDAN, the plan is to connect India’s smaller cities directly to some key foreign destinations in the neighbourhood.
- It would promote the development of the city and the State by wooing tourists and business people to travel via smaller towns, instead of their flying through the metros.
- The scheme seeks to make use of the open skies policy that India has with other Asian countries that allows direct and unlimited flights to and from these nations to 18 Indian destinations.
Difference with domestic UDAN
- Unlike in domestic UDAN where both the Centre and the State government share the subsidy, it is only the State government that will provide the financial support for flights under international UDAN.
- But like the domestic UDAN, the financial support and flying exclusivity on the route will be for three years.
- Only Indian carriers can participate in the international UDAN scheme, and only aircraft with capacity of 70 seats or more can fly the foreign routes.
Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)
Why in news?
The government said that the unemployment figures of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) released in May cannot be compared to the previous unemployment rate as the methodology and the periodicity of the survey has been changed.
About the news
- The survey used to be conducted every five years, but from 2016- 2017, it was conducted over all the four quarters of the year.
What is PLFS?
- It is a nationwide Labour Force Survey launched by the NSSO.
- Primary aim of the PLFS is to generate reasonably accurate indicators of labour market at a short span for every quarter for which speed of quality data collection and processing are important.
- The PLFS provides quarterly employment and unemployment data.
- It was launched from 1st April 2017.
- Results of the PLFS will be brought out in the form of Annual Key Report.
- Quarterly changes of various indicators of the labour market in urban areas as well as to generate the annual estimates of different labour force indicators both in rural and urban areas are the supplementary objectives of the PLFS.
- Annual estimates (for both rural and urban areas) would be generated for major parameters like
- Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR)
- Worker Population Ratio (WPR)
- Unemployment Rate (UR)
- Distribution of workers by industry, occupation, workers employed in informal sector
- Conditions of employment of the workers
- Quarterly Bulletins
- The Quarterly estimates (for urban areas only) would be generated for the key labour force parameters like
- UR in Current Weekly Status (CWS)
- NSSO is one of the national organization which is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys in diverse fields on All India basis.
- It comes under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Why in news?
Oceanographic research vessel of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), INS Sagardhwani, embarked on a two-month long SAGAR MAITRI (SM) Mission-2.
About the news
- SAGAR MAITRI Mission-2 commemorates the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of India’s lone research ship INS Kistna’s missions as part of the historic International Indian Ocean Expeditions (IIOE), which took place during 1962-65.
- As part of the mission, INS Sagardhwani will revisit the selected tracks of INS Kistna and provide NPOL scientists ample opportunities to collaborate and garner a close working relationship with the oceanographic counterparts of the IOR countries.
About INS Sagardhwani
- INS Sagardhwani has been designed and developed by Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi, a premier systems laboratory of DRDO.
- It conducts ocean research experiments in the Indian waters and spearheads NPOL’s at-sea data collection activities.
About Sagar Maitri
- SAGAR MAITRI is a unique initiative of DRDO which aligns with the broad objective of “Safety and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)”.
- It is to promote closer co-operation in socio-economic aspects as well as greater scientific interaction especially in ocean research among Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) countries.
- Under the aegis of PM’s policy, specific scientific component of DRDO is “MAITRI (Marine & Allied Interdisciplinary Training and Research Initiative)”.
- The prime objectives of the SAGAR MAITRI Mission are data collection from the entire North Indian Ocean, focussing on the the Andaman Sea and adjoining seas and establishing long-term collaboration with eight IOR countries in the field of ocean research and development.
- The other IOR countries, include Oman, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Myanmar.
- The programme also aims at establishing long term scientific collaboration with these countries in the field of ‘Ocean Research & Development’ and data collection with a focus in the Andaman Sea.
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Why in news?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Congo's Ebola outbreak an international health emergency.
- A Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is defined as an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response.
- This definition implies a situation that is
- Serious, sudden, unusual or unexpected
- Carries implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border
- May require immediate international action
- It is a formal declaration by the World Health Organization (WHO).
- The declaration is promulgated by WHO’s Emergency Committee operating under International Health Regulations (IHR).
- It was first introduced in 2005.
- As a legally binding international instrument on disease prevention, surveillance, control, and response adopted by 194 countries, a PHEIC was first issued in April 2009.
- A declaration of a global health emergency often brings greater international attention and aid, along with concerns that nervous governments might overreact with border closures.
- To date there have been four PHEIC declarations.
- 2009 swine flu declaration
- 2014 polio declaration
- 2014 Ebola declaration
- 2016 Zika virus declaration
What are the International Health Regulations?
- The International Health Regulations (2005), or IHR (2005), represents a binding international legal agreement involving 196 countries across the globe, including all the Member States of WHO.
- Its aim is to help the international community prevent and respond to acute public health risks that have the potential to cross borders and threaten people worldwide.
Current Affair Capsules
- It is a UGC guide to Student Induction Programme released by Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- It is to help new students adjust and feel comfortable in the new environment, inculcate in them the ethos and culture of the institution, help them build bonds with other students and faculty members, and expose them to a sense of larger purpose and self-exploration.
Map Aided Programme
- The Didwana playa, the second largest playa in the eastern part of the Thar desert, is 5.6 km long and 2.4 km wide and supports commercial salt production.
- The thickness of lake sediment package is reported to be 20 m and comprises fine grained clays and silts, with abundant calcite, gypsum, and halite,associated with hypersaline water
Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)
- Consider the following rivers:
Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3