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Government Interventions

FASTags

Why in news?

Road Transport & Highways Ministry decides to declare all toll Lanes as FASTag Lanes.

About the news

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has decided to declare all lanes in all Toll Fee Plazas on National Highways across the country as dedicated ‘FASTag Lanes’ from 1st of December, 2019.
  • According to the National Highways Fee (Determination of Rates and Collection) Rules, 2008, a FASTag lane in a toll plaza is reserved exclusively for the movement of FASTag users.
  • There is also a provision under the rule according to which non -FASTag users are to be charged double the fee if they pass through FASTag lanes.
  • One hybrid lane will however be allowed at every toll plaza to facilitate and monitor over dimensional or oversized vehicles, where FASTag and other modes of payment will be accepted.

About FASTags

 
  • FASTags are cards launched by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to allow cashless payment of toll fee and facilitate near non-stop movement of vehicles through toll plazas.
  • It employs RFID technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid account linked to it.
  • It is affixed on the windscreen of vehicle and enables the commuter to drive through toll plazas, without stopping.
  • The tag on windshield will be read by readers fitted in dedicated Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) lanes of toll plazas after vehicles passes through toll plazas.
  • Customer will receive SMS alerts on his registered mobile numbers for all the transactions done in his tag account.
  • FASTag has a validity of 5 years and after purchasing it, one only need to recharge/ top up the FASTag as per requirement.
Rashtriya Mahila Kosh

Why in news?

RMK has been launched to promote and support schemes for improvement of facilities for credit for women.

About RMK

  • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Women & Child Development for socio-economic empowerment of women.
  • It was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • It was established by the Government of India in March, 1993.
  • The operating  model  currently followed by  RMK is that  of a  facilitating agency  wherein  RMK  provides loans to  NGO-MFIs termed as Intermediary Organizations (IMO) which on-lend to Self Help Groups (SHGs)  of women.
  • RMK also  has  appointed  nodal  agencies  and  franchisees  for  furthering  of its objectives of reaching out to the women beneficiaries with easy access of micro credit for income generating activities.
One Nation-One Ration Card

Why in news?

To sustain the reforms brought in by scheme on ‘End to End Computerization of Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) Operations’ the Department of Food & Public Distribution has launched a new scheme namely “Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS)” for implementation during 2018-19 and 2019-20.

About the news

  • The main objective of the scheme is to introduce nation-wide portability of ration card holders under National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA).
  • It is to lift their entitlement food grains from any FPS in the country without the need to obtain a new ration card, by integrating the existing PDS systems/portals of States/UTs with the Central systems/portals, etc.

About the card

 
  • It is a scheme under which the beneficiaries would be able to buy subsidized food grains from ration shops in any part of the country.
  • The new mechanism will ensure no poor is deprived of PDS entitlement if that person shifts from one place to another.
  • The system will also help remove fake ration card holders.
  • The scheme will allow portability of food security benefits.
  • It will be available across the country from July 1, 2020.
  • The poor migrant workers will be able to buy subsidised rice and wheat from any ration shop in the country, so long as their ration cards are linked to Aadhaar.
  • The migrants would only be eligible for the subsidies supported by the Centre, which include rice sold at Rs. 3/kg and wheat at Rs. 2/kg.
  • Even if a beneficiary moved to a State where grains were given for free, that person would not be able to access those benefits, as they were funded by the State exchequer.
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana 

Why in news?

At present there is no proposal to increase the maternity benefits provided under PMMVY to PW&LM with the Ministry.

About the yojana

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) is a Maternity Benefit Programme since January 1, 2017 and is in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
  • It was introduced in 2016 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • It is previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) in 2010.
  • It was renamed as Matritva Sahyog Yojana in 2014 and again as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) in 2017.
  • It is a conditional cash transferscheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for the first live birth.

Objectives

  • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentive so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.
  • The cash incentive provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW& LM).

Eligibility

  • Target beneficiaries of the programme include all Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers, excluding PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
  • A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits under the scheme only once.
  • In case of miscarriage/still birth, the beneficiary would be eligible to claim the remaining instalment(s) in event of any future pregnancy.
 
  • That is, in case of infant mortality, she will not be eligible for claiming benefits under the scheme, if she has already received all the instalments of the maternity benefit under PMMVY earlier.

Benefits under PMMVY

  • Cash incentive of Rs 5000 in three instalments
  1. First instalment of Rs 1000/ - on early registration of pregnancy at the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) / approved Health facility as may be identified by the respective administering State / UT
  2. Second instalment of Rs 2000/ - after six months of pregnancy on receiving at least one ante-natal check-up (ANC)
  3. Third instalment of Rs 2000/ - after child birth is registered and the child has received the first cycle of BCG, OPV, DPT and Hepatitis - B, or its equivalent/ substitute.
  • The eligible beneficiaries would receive the incentive given under the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) for Institutional delivery and the incentive received under JSY would be accounted towards maternity benefits so that on an average a woman gets Rs 6000 / -.

About PMMVY

  • PMMVY is implemented using the platform of Anganwadi Services scheme of ICDS under Ministry of Women and Child Development in respect of States/ UTs implementing scheme through Women and Child Development Department/ Social Welfare Department and through Health system in respect of States/ UTs where scheme is implemented by Health & Family Welfare Department.
  • PMMVY is implemented through a centrally deployed Web Based MIS Software application and the focal point of implementation would be the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) and ASHA/ ANM workers.

Security

Nag Missile

Why in news?

Indian Army successfully carries out trials of third generation NAG missiles.

About the missile

  • The Nag missile is a third generation “fire and forget” anti-tank missile.
  • It has been developed to engage highly fortified enemy tanks in all weather conditions with day and night capabilities and with a minimum range of 500m and maximum range of 4 km.
  • It is equipped with highly advanced Imaging Infrared Radar (IRR) seeker operating in the Lock on Before Launch mode and has integrated avionics technology in its arsenal.
  • It possesses advanced passive homing guidance system and has been designed mainly to destroy modern main battle tanks and other heavily armoured targets.
  • It can be launched from both land and air-based platforms.
  • Its helicopter launched version is known as Helicopter-Launched NAG (HELINA) that can be fired from Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) and HAL Rudra attack helicopter.
  • The land-based version of the missile is at present available for integration on the Nag missile carrier (NAMICA).
  • The anti-tank Nag missile is one among the five missile systems developed by DRDO under the integrated guided missile development programme (IGMDP).
  • The four other missiles developed under this programme are
  1. Agni
  2. Akash
  3. Trishul
  4. Prithvi

Map Aided Programme     

Lipulekh Pass
  • Lipulekh pass (elevation 5,200 m) is a Himalayan pass on the border between Uttarakhand and China. It is in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand
  • Connects the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand with the old trading town of Taklakot in Tibet.
  • It is the first Indian border post to be opened for trade with China in 1992.
  • It is one of the routes taken to complete the Mansarovar Yatra, the other being the Nathu La Pass in Sikkim.

 Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)

  1. Turkey is located between
  2. Black Sea and Caspian Sea
  3. Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
  4. Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
  5. Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea