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Poshan Abhiyan

Why in news?

The Women and Child Development Ministry has expressed concern over the slow roll-out of different activities under the Poshan Abhiyaan and urged states and union territories to ensure targets are achieved.

About Poshan Abhiyan (National nutrition Mission)

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is a multi-ministerial convergence mission with the vision to ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022.
  • Also called the National Nutrition Mission aims to bring down stunting of children in the age group of 0-6 years from 38.4 per cent to 25 per cent by 2022.
  • It is a flagship scheme launched in March, 2018 to holistically address the issue of malnutrition.
  • The objective of POSHAN Abhiyaan to reduce stunting in identified Districts of India with the highest malnutrition burden by improving utilization of key Anganwadi Services and improving the quality of Anganwadi Services delivery.
 
  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) is implementing POSHAN Abhiyaan in 315 Districts in first year, 235 Districts in second year and remaining districts will be covered in the third year.
  • Its aim to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.
  • The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.
  • Key thrust areas are
  • Reducing the level of Stunting, Under-nutrition, Anemia and Low Birth Weight in Children.
  • Focus on Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers.
  • Leveraging Technology, targeted approach and convergence
  • Ensure service delivery and interventions and bring about behavioral changes
  • It also lays down specific targets to be achieved across different monitoring parameters.
  • All 36 States/UTs and 718 districts will be covered under the scheme in a phased manner by 2020.

Features

  • Mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
  • Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
  • ICT based Real Time Monitoring system
  • Incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
  • Incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools
  • Eliminating registers used by AWWs
  • Introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
  • Social Audits
  • Setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.

Pillars of the Mission

  • ICDS-CAS (Common Application Software)
  • Convergence
  • Behavioural change, IEC Advocacy
  • Training and Capacity building
  • Innovations
  • Incentives
  • Grievance Redressal
Unlawful Activities Prevention Act

Why in news?

Lok Sabha passes bill to amend Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).

About the news

  • The UAPA Amendment Bill, 2019, amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
  • The main aims of this amendment bill is to increase the powers of the NIA in the cases related to terror, human trafficking and Cyber- terrorism etc..

About the act

 
  • The proposed amendments to the existing Act redefines “Who may commit terrorism", establishing that under the Act, the Centre may designate an organisation as a terrorist organisation if it commits or participates in acts of terrorism, prepares for terrorism, promotes terrorism, or is otherwise involved in terrorism.
  • The Bill additionally empowers the government to designate individuals as terrorists on the same grounds.
  • Currently only organisations are designated as 'terrorist organisations' but after the change in the UAPA an individual can also be termed as suspect.
  • The Bill also paves the way for the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to seize property as part of investigations into terror cases.
  • If the investigation is conducted by an officer of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), the approval of the Director General of NIA would be required for seizure of such property.
  • Under the existing Act, the investigating officer is required to obtain the prior approval of the Director General of Police (DGP) to seize properties that bear any connection to terrorism.
  • While the existing Act provides for investigation of cases to be conducted by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above, the proposed amendment additionally empowers the officers of the NIA of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases.
  • The remand time was required to be 30 days as opposed to the prescribed 14 days given “the complex nature of investigations that NIA has to do.
Consular access

Why in news?

Recently, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) has directed Pakistan to grant consular or diplomatic access to Kulbhushan Jadhav "without further delay" in accordance with the Vienna Convention.

What is consular access?

  • Article 36 of the Vienna Convention states on Consular Relations of 1963 states that foreign nationals who are arrested or detained be given notice without delay of their right to have their embassy or consulate notified of that arrest.
  • If the detained foreign national so requests, the police must fax that notice to the embassy or consulate, which can then check up on the person.
  • The notice to the consulate can be as simple as a fax, giving the person's name, the place of arrest, and, if possible, something about the reason for the arrest or detention.
  • This is an international treaty that defines consular relations between independent states.
  • A consul, who is not a diplomat, is a representative of a foreign state in a country and works for the interests of his countrymen in the host country.
  • The appointed officer usually protects the interests of his countrymen while operating in a foreign location.
  • He is also instrumental in strengthening the relations between his home country and the host country.
  • In layman terms, this implies the ability of the citizens of a country to have communication with the diplomats and officers of their country while held in a foreign location.

About ICJ

 

https://neoiascap.com/2019/07/18/international-court-of-justice-3/world-affairs/un/

Environment

National Tiger Conservation Authority

Why in news?

The authorities of the Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh have discontinued the services of 53 frontline staff, who were inducted under Project Tiger of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

About NTCA

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • It was established in December 2005.
  • It was provided statutory status by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 which had amended Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

Member

  • Environment Minister is the Chairman of the NTCA.
  • Below chairman are eight experts or professionals having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribals, apart from three Members of Parliament (1 Rajya Sabha, 2 Lok Sabha)

Objectives of NTCA

  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
  • Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
  • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

About Namdapha

  • Namdapha National Park is large protected area in Arunachal Pradesh of Northeast India.
  • Named after a river meandering through it, was declared as India’s 15th Tiger Reserve in 1983 with a core area of 1,808 sq km and a buffer zone of 177 sq km.
  • Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, it was elevated to a national park in the same year as it was made a tiger reserve.
  • The tiger is one of 96 species of mammals found in Namdapha, which is divided into the Miao, Namdapha and Gandhigram ranges.
  • The others include the endemic red giant flying squirrel, leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard, Malayan sun bear, Asiatic black bear, hoolock gibbon, and capped langur.

Current Affair Capsules

Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries and Factories Bill, 2019
  • Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries and Factories Bill, 2019, which mandates reserved employment of at least 75% state candidates (locals) in all private industrial units and factories, irrespective of whether companies get financial or any other help from government.
  • With this bill Andhra Pradesh became 1st state to reserve jobs for locals in respective units.

Map Aided Programme     

Chorla Ghat
  • Chorla Ghat is a nature destination located on the intersection of the borders of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
  • It is a part of the Western Ghats in the Sahyadri mountain range and is at an elevation of 800 meters.
  • Chorla ghat boasts of a few rare species of wild-life such as the barred wolf snake (Lycodon striatus) in its sub-tropical forests.

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)

  1. Consider the following pairs:

National Highway Cities connected        

  1. NH 4 :           Chennai and Hyderabad
  2. NH 6 :           Mumbai and Kolkata
  3. NH 15 :           Ahmedabad and Jodhpur

Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched?

  • 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only                     (c) 1, 2 and 3               (d) None