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Government Interventions

Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana

Why in news?

The Office of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts) has taken up 39 clusters under Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojna (AHVY) for the overall development of artisans in Assam.

About the yojana

  • The Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana is a special scheme which intends to improve the handicraft artisans in India for their overall development.
  • Under this scheme the artisans are provided training and exposed to bigger marketplaces for better sale.
  • It was launched in the year 2001-2002 with a view to mobilize the artisans into Self Help Groups  thrift and credit, training of Self Help Groups on various aspects of forming and running the community business enterprises for self-sustainability of artisans.
  • It is an initiative of Ministry of Textiles.
 
  • The Government has identified and adopted 90 clusters across the country which will also cover aspirational districts, women clusters, weaker section and export potential clusters.
  • The objective is to transform these clusters in a time period of 3 years by ensuring self-sustainment of the Self Help Groups/artisans of these clusters.

Salient features of the Yojana

  • Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana (Base Line Survey & Mobilization of Artisans)
  • Design & Technology Upgradation
  • Human Resource Development
  • Direct Benefit to Artisans
  • Infrastructure and Technology Support
  • Research and Development
  • Marketing Support & Services
Krishonnati Yojana

Why in news?

The ‘Green Revolution - Krishonnati Yojana’ was approved coterminous with the period of the Fourteenth Finance Commission from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

About the yojana

  • "Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana" is an Umbrella Scheme in agriculture sector that has been implemented since 2016-17 by clubbing several schemes / missions under one umbrella scheme.
  • The scheme has now been continued for the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20 with the Central Share of Rs. 33,269.976 crore.
  • The Umbrella scheme comprises of 11 Schemes/Missions.
  • These schemes look to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce.
  • The schemes include
  1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
  2. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
  3. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
  4. Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE)
  5. Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)
  6. Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM)
  7. Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ)
  8. Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES)
  9. Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC)
  10. Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)
  11. National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)
VVPATs

Why in news?

ECI sets up teams to probe VVPAT mismatch in Lok Sabha election.

About EVM

 
  • Electronic Voting Machine (also known as EVM) is voting using electronic means.
  • An EVM is designed with two units
  1. The control unit
  2. The balloting unit.
  • These units are joined together by a cable.
  • The control unit of the EVM is kept with the presiding officer or the polling officer.
  • The balloting unit is kept within the voting compartment for electors to cast their votes.
  • This is done to ensure that the polling officer verifies your identity.
  • With the EVM, instead of issuing a ballot paper, the polling officer will press the Ballot Button which enables the voter to cast their vote.
  • A list of candidate’s names and/or symbols will be available on the machine with a blue button next to it.
  • The voter can press the button next to the candidate’s name they wish to vote for.

About VVPATs

  • The Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) is an independent verification printer machine that is attached to electronic voting machines.
  • It allows voters to verify if their vote has gone to the intended candidate.

How do VVPAT machines work?

  • When the voter presses the button against the name of the candidate of her/his choice on the EVM unit, the VVPAT unit generates a paper slip, also called ‘ballot slip’.
  • This paper slip contains the name, serial number, and symbol of the chosen candidate.
  • It allows the voter to verify his/her choice. After being visible to the voter from a glass case in the VVPAT for seven seconds, the ballot slip will be cut and dropped into the drop box in the VVPAT machine and a beep will be heard.
  • Thus, the ballot slip neither goes into the hands of the voter nor others get to see it.
  • The Ballot Slip can only be accessed by the polling officers in the rarest of the rare cases.
National Crèche Scheme

Why in news?

Government’s national crèche scheme has been lauded as a great initiative, to improve the availability and quality of care services for children and cater to the needs of working mothers.

About the scheme

  • National Crèche Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with effect from 1st January, 2017.
  • It aims at providing a safe place for mothers to leave their children while they are at work, and thus, is a measure for empowering women as it enables them to take up employment.
 
  • It is being implemented to provide day care facilities to children (age group of 6 months- 6 years) of working mothers.
  • The National Crèche Scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • The Scheme provides supplementary nutrition, health care inputs like immunization, polio drops, basic health monitoring, sleeping facilities, early stimulation (below 3 years), pre-school education for 3-6 yrs.
  • It is one among the 4 sub schemes under the ICDS which serves as the Umbrella scheme.

World Affairs

Golden Crescent and Golden Triangle

Why in news?

Chief Ministers of the northern States, including those of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, joined by top officials from Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir and Chandigarh, agreed on a series of measures to eradicate the drugs scourge from the region.

About the news

  • India’s vicinity to the golden triangle and golden crescent paves way for the country’s drug menace.

About the triangles

  • Golden Crescent and Golden Triangle are Asia’s two main Opium producing centers.
  • Almost 90% of the world´s illicitly produced opiates originate in these two main production areas.
  • The Golden Crescent overlaps Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan.
  • Golden Triangle comprises of areas of Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. (Sometimes Vietnam also counted in Golden Triangle.)
  • Due to the presence of Golden Crescent and Golden Triangle in the region, part of South West and South East Asia are more vulnerable for drug trafficking and its abuse.
  • Due to India’s close proximity with major opium growing areas of the region, India is also facing the serious menace of drug trafficking and as a spillover effect.

Related information (PLUS)

About UNODC

  • It is a UN office established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the Centre for International Crime Prevention.
  • UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
  • It is a member of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) and was renamed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2002.
  • UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
  • The World Drug Report is a yearly publication of UNODC that presents a comprehensive assessment of the international drug problem, with detailed information on the illicit drug situation.
 
  • It is headquartered at Vienna, Austria.

Environment

Project Elephant

Why in news?

Kerala may have undercounted almost 2,700 elephants in the latest elephant census, conducted once in 5 years under the aegis of Project Elephant.

About Project Elephant

  • Project Elephant (PE) is a centrally sponsored scheme to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing States in the country for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors.
  • It also seeks to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants.
  • It was launched in February 1992 by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support of wildlife management efforts by states for their free ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.

Objectives

  • To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
  • To address issues of man-animal conflict
  • Supporting research of the ecology and management of elephants
  • Creating awareness of conservation among local people
  • Welfare of captive elephants

Current Affair Capsules

Shahab-3

The Shahab-3 is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Iran and based on the North Korean Nodong-1.

Map Aided Programme     

Khardung La Pass

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)

  1. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2o C above pre-industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 30C above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact / impacts on the world?
  2. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source.
  3. Widespread coral mortality will occur.
  4. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.
  5. Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • 1 only
  • 1 and 2 only
  • 2, 3 and 4 only
  • 1, 2, 3 and 4