Code on Wages Bill, 2019
Why in news?
- Lok Sabha passes Wage Code Bill to ensure minimum wage for workers.
Code on Wages Bill, 2019 :
- Bill aims to transform the old and obsolete labour laws into more accountable and transparent ones which is need of the hour.
- The Code on Wages will amalgamate the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965, and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
- The Code ensures minimum wages along with timely payment of wages to all the employees and workers.
- Many unorganized sector workers like agricultural workers, painters, persons working in restaurants and dhabas, chowkidars etc. who were out of the ambit of minimum wages will get legislative protection of minimum wages after the bill becomes an Act.
- It has been ensured in the bill that employees getting monthly salary shall get the salary by 7thof next month, those working on weekly basis shall get the salary on last day of the week and daily wagers should get it on the same day.
- At present, the provisions of both Minimum Wages Act and Payment of Wages Act apply to workers below a particular wage ceiling working in scheduled employments only.
- Bill will ensure the Right to Sustenance for every worker and intends to increase the legislative protection of minimum wage from existing about 40% to 100% workforce.
- At present, many of the states have multiple minimum wages. Through Code on Wages, the methodology to fix the minimum wages has been simplified and rationalised by doing away with type of employment as one of the criteria for fixation of minimum wage.
Consumer Protection Bill 2019
Why in news?
- Lok Sabha passes Consumer Protection Bill, 2019
Consumer Protection Bill 2019:
- The bill aims at protecting the interests of consumers by establishing authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumers’ dispute.
- Under the Bill, there is provision for central government to set up a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers and will be empowered to investigate, recall, refund and impose penalties.
- It will regulate matters related to violation of consumer rights, unfair trade practices, and misleading advertisements.
- There is also a provision for class action law suit for ensuring that rights of consumers are not infringed upon.
- The authority will have power to impose a penalty on a manufacturer or an endorser of up to 10 lakh rupees and imprisonment for up to two years for a false or misleading advertisement.
New Bill- Benefit to Consumers
- Presently Consumer only have a single point of access to justice, which is time consuming. Additional swift executive remedies are proposed in the bill through Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA)
- Deterrent punishment to check misleading advertisements and adulteration of products
- Product liability provisionto deter manufacturers and service providers from delivering defective products or deficient services
- Ease of approachingConsumer Commission and Simplification of Adjudication process
- Scope for early disposal of cases through mediation
- Provision for rules for new age consumer issues: e-commerce & direct selling
Why in news?
- Seven new destinations under pilgrimage scheme.
Mukhyamantri Tirth Yatra Yojana:
- Launched by Delhi Government.
- Under the scheme, a city resident above 60 years will be eligible to take free pilgrimage along with his or her spouse.
- The applicant can also take along an attendant above the age of 20 years, if the applicant or his spouse is above 70 years. The expenditure of the attendant will also be borne by the Delhi government.
- The scheme was launched with an aim that every elderly person’s desire to undertake a pilgrimage in his life gets fulfilled.
- There is no income criterion but preference will be given to those from economically weaker sections on first-come-first-serve basis.
- Employees of central, state and local government or autonomous bodies are not eligible for the scheme.
- Those selected for pilgrimage will be covered with an insurance of Rs 1 lakh
- The applicant will have to give a self-certificate that all information being given by them is correct and they have not availed the scheme in the past.
- The selection of pilgrims will be done through draw of lots and respective area MLAs will certify whether the intended beneficiaries belong to Delhi or not.
Triple Talaq Bill
Why in news?
- Triple Talaq Bill sails through Rajya Sabha.
Triple Talaq Bill:
- Triple talaq is a practice in which Muslim men divorce their wives unilaterally by uttering “talaq” three times in quick succession.
- It is different from the practice of “talaq-ul-sunnat”, which is considered to be the ideal form of dissolution of marriage contract among Muslims.
- In August 2017, five-judge Constitution bench of Supreme Court had declared centuries old practice of instant triple talaq or talaq-e-biddat, Three of five judges of this bench had termed this practice un-Islamic and arbitrary. They also disagreed with view that triple talaq was an integral part of religious practice.
- In pursuance of SC verdict, Government had managed to get Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017passed in Lok Sabha in December 2017 but it got stuck in Rajya Sabha.
Triple Talaq Bill Passed by Rajya Sabha recently:
- The passage of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill will make pronouncement of instant oral talaq or talaq-e-biddat void and illegal and criminalise it as a cognizable offence punishable with up to three years in jail.
Current Affairs Capsules:
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic):
- The Geographical Indications Registry has granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic).
- Its scientific name - Allium Sativum.
- Garlic is known for its medicinal and preservative properties. It has anti-oxidant and anti-microbial potential, which is attributed to the presence of higher amount of organosulfur compounds, phenols and flavonoids compared to other garlic varieties.
Water Stress Index:
Why in News?
- 11 of 20 biggest cities in the country are facing extreme risk of scarcity, according to Water Stress Index.
- Published by London-based risk analytics firm Verisk Maple croft.
- The index measures the water consumption rates of households, industries and farm sectors and the available resources in rivers, lakes and streams.
- It lists India as the 46th highest risk country in the world.
- 11 of India’s 20 largest cities face an ‘extreme risk’ of water stress and seven are in the ‘high risk’ category.
- Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc.) have designed an anti-microbial peptide (AMP) that, researchers say, can effectively and quickly kill a notorious multidrug-resistant bacterium called Acinetobacter baumannii.
- New short protein (peptide) called Omega76 can kill A. baumannii by breaking down its cell membrane.
Map Aided Programme
Mountain passes of Uttarakhand
- Auden's Col is a high altitude mountain pass connecting Rudugaira valley and Bhilangna valley
- Rudra ganga stream or Rudragairu drains Rudugaira glacier and eventually flows into Bhagirathi (Ganga) river near Gangotri, and Bhilangna river originates from Khatling glacier and meets Bhagirathi near Old Tehri.
- connects Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh with Harshil in Uttrakhand
- Lipulekh is a Himalayan pass on the border between Uttarakhand, India and Tibet, China. The southern side of the pass is controlled by India but claimed by Nepal
- It is near their tripoint with Chinese trading town of Taklakot (Purang) in Tibet.
- mountain pass in the Himalayas on the border between India and Tibet.
- It appears to now be one of the highest vehicle-accessible passes in the world
- Himalayan mountain pass located in eastern Kumaun region of the Pithoragarh District of Uttarakhand, India.
- This pass connects Bidang in Darma Valley to Jolingkong Lake in the Kuthi Yankti valley
- This pass was the part of ancient trade route of Bhotiyas to Tibet
- mountain pass through the Himalayas located between Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot peaks in the Uttarakhand state in the districts of Pithoragarh and Bageshwar in India.
Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)
- In India, cluster bean (Guar) is traditionally used as a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation of this has assumed significance. Which one of the following statements is correct in this context?
- The oil extracted from seeds is used in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics
- The gum made from its seeds is used in the extraction of shale gas
- The leaf extract of this plant has the properties of anti-histamines
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