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Government Interventions


Why in news?

Estimated savings/benefits of Rs. 59,599 crore up to March, 2019 under ‘PAHAL’ scheme.


  • It is an attempt to change the mechanism of transferring subsidies launched by Government of India.
  • The Direct Benefit Transfer of LPG (DBTL) or PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh) scheme was earlier launched on June 1, 2013 and finally covered 291 districts.
  • It required the consumer to mandatorily have an Aadhaar number for availing LPG Subsidy.
  • The government has comprehensively reviewed and modified the scheme, which is being re-launched in 54 districts on 15.11.2014 in the 1st Phase and in the rest of the country on 1.1.2015.
  • Under the modified scheme, the LPG consumer can now receive subsidy in his bank account by two methods.
  • Such a consumer will be called CTC (Cash Transfer Compliant) once he joins the scheme and is ready to receive subsidy in the bank account.
  • The two options are:
  1. Option I (Primary): The consumers need to provide their Aadhaar number to LPG distributor and to Bank.
  2. Option II (Secondary): If LPG consumer does not have an Aadhaar number, then he can directly receive subsidy in his bank account without the use of Aadhaar number.
  • LPG consumers who do not wish to avail the LPG subsidy for LPG cylinders can simply choose to opt out of subsidy.

Pricing under DBTL

  • Under DBTL, once a consumer joins the scheme, he will get the cylinders at market price and will receive LPG subsidy directly in his bank account.
  • A sum of Rs 568 will be paid in advance to the consumer.
Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN)

Why in news?

To up-grade the quality of teaching, the Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) programme in higher education was started, aimed at tapping the global pool of scientists and researchers.

What is GIAN?

  • Global Initiative on Academic Network (GIAN) in Higher Education is a scheme to boost quality of the country’s higher education through international collaboration.
  • It began in 2005 as a scheme of Ministry of Human Resources Development.
  • It facilitates participation of high quality international academicians for delivering short-term courses and programs in Indian institutions.
  • Its objective is to increase footfalls of reputed international faculty to Indian academic institutes and thereby bring in international academic excellence India’s higher education institutions.
  • The National Coordinating Institute of the programme is Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.

Why in News?

The IMPRINT for developing a roadmap for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in selected domains needed by the country.

About IMPRINT India

  • ‘IMPRINT India’ is an initiative to develop a roadmap for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in ten technology domain.
  • IMPRINT stands for IMPacting Research INnovation and Technology.
  • It is the first of its kind MHRD supported Pan-IIT + IISc joint initiative to address the major science and engineering challenges that India must address and champion to enable, empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance.
  • This novel initiative with two fold mandate is aimed at:
  1. Developing new engineering education policy
  2. Creating a road map to pursue engineering challenges
  • Department of Science and Technology is partnering with MHRD in implementing this program.
  • It was launched in November 2015.
  • The objectives of programme are:
  • Identify areas of immediate relevance to society requiring innovation.
  • Direct scientific research into identified areas.
  • Ensure higher funding support for research into these areas.
  • Measure outcomes of the research effort with reference to impact on the standard of living in the rural/urban areas.
  • The ten domains that represent the most important areas for the country are given below:
  1. Healthcare Technology
  2. Computer Technology
  3. Advance Materials
  4. Water Resources
  5. Sustainable Habitat
  6. Security and Defense
  7. Manufacturing Technology
  8. Nano-technology Hardware
  9. Environment and Climate
  10. Energy Security
  • The overall National Coordinator is IIT, Kanpur.

Why in news?

Scheme of Fund for Upgradation and Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) aims to set up more Common Facility Centres for generating sustained employment opportunities.

About the news

  • SFURTI envisions 100 new clusters in 2019-20 to help 50,000 artisans economically.

About the scheme

  • SFURTI is Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries.
  • Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Govt. of India has launched this scheme in the year 2005 with the view to promote Cluster development.
  • Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided for development of Khadi, coir and village Industries clusters.
  • For major clusters with more than 500 artisans the budget limit is Rs. 5.00 crore and for Regular Clusters with upto 500 artisans, the budget limit is 2.5 crore rupees.
  • The following schemes are being merged into SFURTI:
  • The Scheme for Enhancing Productivity and Competitiveness of Khadi Industry and Artisans
  • The Scheme for Product Development, Design Intervention and Packaging (PRODIP)
  • The Scheme for Rural Industries Service Center (RISC)
  • Other small interventions like Ready Warp Units, Ready to Wear Mission, etc.

Objectives of Scheme

  • To organize the traditional industries and artisans into clusters to make them competitive and provide support for their long term sustainability and economy of scale.
  • To provide sustained employment for traditional industry artisans and rural entrepreneurs.
  • To enhance marketability of products of such clusters.

Related Information (PLUS)


  • The Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry and Entrepreneurship’ (ASPIRE) has been consolidated for setting up of Livelihood Business Incubators (LBIs) and Technology Business Incubators (TBIs).
  • The Scheme contemplates setting up 80 Livelihood Business Incubators (LBIs) and 20 Technology Business Incubators (TBIs) in 2019-20 to develop 75,000 skilled entrepreneurs in agro-rural industry sectors.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

  • It is to establish a robust fisheries management framework by the Department of Fisheries.
  • This will address critical gaps in strengthening the value chain, including infrastructure, modernization, traceability, production, productivity, post-harvest management, and quality control.
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (PMAY) Gramin

Why in news?

The Union Minister of Finance said that Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G) aims to achieve the objective of “Housing for All” by 2020.

About the news

  • A total of 1.54 crore rural homes have been already completed and in the second phase of PMAY-G, from 2019-22, 1.95 crore houses are proposed to be provided to the eligible beneficiaries.
  • The houses will be provided with amenities like toilets, electricity and LPG connections.

About the Yojana

  • Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana –Gramin (PMAY-G), is a social welfare flagship programme, created by the Government of India, to provide housing for the rural poor in India.
  • The erstwhile rural housing scheme Indira Awaas yojana (IAY) has been restructured into Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana –Gramin (PMAY-G) from 01.04.2016.
  • It has been devised in line with Government’s commitment to provide ‘Housing for All’ by 2022 in the rural areas.
  • Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses.
  • The program is under the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • It envisages training of Rural Masons with the objective of improving workmanship and quality of construction of houses while at the same time, increasing availability of skilled masons and enhancing employability of such masons.
  • The immediate objective was to cover 1 crore household living in kutcha house/dilapidated house in 3 years from 2016-17 to 2018- 19.

Cost sharing

  • The cost of unit assistance in this scheme is shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90: 10 for North Eastern and Himalayan States.

Selection of beneficiary

  • PMAY-G instead of selecting the beneficiary from among the BPL households selects beneficiary using housing deprivation parameters in the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011 date which is to be verified by the Gram Sabhas.
  • This is to ensure that assistance is targeted at those who are genuinely deprived and that the selection is objective and verifiable.

Current Affair Capsules

Export Credit Guarantee Corporation
  • The ECGC Limited is a company which provides export credit insurance support to Indian exporters against losses due to non-payment of export dues by overseas buyers due to political and / or commercial risks.
  • It functions under the administrative control of Ministry of Commerce & Industry, and is managed by a Board of Directors comprising representatives of the Government, Reserve Bank of India, banking, and insurance and exporting community.

Map Aided Programme     

  • Loktak Lake

Previous Year Questions Revision Series (Pqrs)

  1. Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?
  • Bretton Woods Conference (b) Montreal Protocol
  • Kyoto Protocol (d) Nagoya Protocol