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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 11th March 2020

 

 
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana 

Why in news?

LPG scheme closed, but only 3 States have become kerosene-free.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lpg-scheme-closed-but-only-3-states-have-become-kerosene-free/article31033878.ece

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana:

  • Under the PM Ujjwala Yojana, the government aims to provide LPG connections to BPL households in the country and is launched in 2016.
  • The scheme is aimed at replacing the unclean cooking fuels mostly used in the rural India with the clean and more efficient LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas).
  • The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
  • LPG connection is issued in the name of adult woman.
  • Under the scheme, the identification of BPL households is based on the Social Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 data.  

Objectives of the scheme are:

  • Empowering women and protecting their health.
  • Reducing the serious health hazards associated with cooking based on fossil fuel.
  • Reducing the number of deaths in India due to unclean cooking fuel.
  • Preventing young children from significant number of acute respiratory illnesses caused due to indoor air pollution by burning the fossil fuel.

Note- Only three States — Harya­na, Punjab and Andhra Pra­desh — and the Union Terri­tories of Delhi, Chandigarh,

 

 Daman & Diu, Dadar & Na­gar Haveli, Andaman & Nico­bar Islands and Puducherry have become kerosene­ free.

Women Transforming India Awards

Why in news?

NITI Aayog organized the Fourth Edition of the Women Transforming India Awards.

https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=200035

Women Transforming India Awards

  • It was initiated in 2016 by NITI Aayog, in partnership with MyGov and the UN India.
  • The award recognizes women who are providing innovative developmental solutions for the empowerment of nation through their businesses and enterprises.
  • Since 2018, the Awards have been hosted under the aegis of NITI Aayog’s Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) with a special focus on entrepreneurship.
  • The theme for WTI awards 2019 was “Women and Entrepreneurship”.

Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP)

  • Women Entrepreneurship Platform is a flagship initiative of NITI Aayog.
  • The platform aspires to substantially increase the number of women entrepreneurs who will create and empower a dynamic New India.
  • The three pillars on which WEP is built:
  • Ichha Shakti (motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise)
  • Gyaan Shakti (providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship)
  • Karma Shakti (providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses).
  • WEP aims to address the bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives.
Delimitation Commission

Why in news?

Centre constituted delimitation panel for J&K and 4 northeastern states.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/centre-constitutes-delimitation-panel-for-j-k-and-4-northeastern-states/story-aE12mFIelzZPjeyDh45UjP.html

More about

  • In 2002, the last delimitation was conducted across India but Jammu and Kashmir and the northeastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland were left out due to various reasons.
  • Former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai has been appointed as the chairperson of the Delimitation Commission.
  • The Commission has been formed under section 3 of the Delimitation Act, 2002.
  • The Commission is mandated to delimit the Lok Sabha and Assembly Constituencies in J&K under the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act,2019 while the provisions of the Delimitation Act 2002 will delimit Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland

The Delimitation Commission

  • Delimitation means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having a legislative body.
  • The job of delimitation is assigned to a high power body; such a body is known as Delimitation Commission or
 
  • a Boundary Commission.
  • In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times – in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002.
  • The Delimitation Commission in India is a high power body whose orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court.
Geographical Indication (GI)

Why in news?

Madras High Court dismisses Madhya Pradesh’s plea on GI tag for basmati rice.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/madras-high-court-dismisses-madhya-pradeshs-plea-on-gi-tag-for-basmati-rice/article31025985.ece

Geographical Indication (GI):

  • A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • It is given primarily for an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory.
  • Unlike a Trade Mark, Geographical Indication cannot be licensed.
  • Also when Trade Mark is assigned to the manufactured goods, the Geographical Indication is assigned to the agricultural goods/products and handicrafts only.
  • The first product in India to be accorded with GI tag was Darjeeling tea in the year 2004-05.

Validity:

  • The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years.
  • It can be renewed from time to time for further period of 10 years each.

Who gives GI Tag?

  • Governments of all WTO member countries had agreed to set certain basic standards for the protection of GIs in all member countries as per the WTO TRIPS Agreement.
  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.
  • The GI tag is given by the Registrar of Geographical indications in India.

Current Affairs Capsules

Attukal Pongala
  • The Attukal Pongala held in Attukal Temple, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is the largest congregation of women for a festival in the world.
  • The festival is marked as the largest annual gathering of women by the Guinness World Records.
  • As per the rituals, women turn up in thousands and set up brick hearths around the temple and either side of the main roads around a 10 km radius of the shrine.
Mt Kosciuszko
  • Mount Kosciuszko is Australia’s highest mountain.
  • Located in the southeast of the country.
Coal
  • India’s thermal coal imports rose 12.6% to nearly 200 mil­lion tonnes in 2019.
  • Coal is among the top five commodities imported by India, the world’s largest consumer, importer and producer of the fuel.
  • Indonesia accounted for nearly 60% of India’s ther­mal coal imports in the April­ December period, while South Africa account­ed for 22% and Russia and Australia accounting for over 5% each.