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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 16th March 2020


National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

Why in news?

The National Mission for Clean Ganga organized “Ganga Amantran Abhiyan” (GAA).

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):

  • NMCG is the implementation wing of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council).
  • It was established in the year 2011 as a registered society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • It has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee.
  • Both of the tiers are headed by the Director General (DG), NMCG.

The aims and objectives of NMCG:

  • To ensure effective abatement of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral co-ordination for comprehensive planning and management.
  • To maintain minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development.




  • In 2016, National Ganga Council has replaced National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) which was
  • constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),
  • The Act envisages five tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga:
  • National Ganga Council under chairmanship of Prime Minister of India
  • Empowered Task Force(ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship of  Union Minister of Jal Shakti
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
  • State Ganga Committees
  • District Ganga Committees
National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

Why in news?

Union Environment Ministry has asked for city-level plans for the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as these problems need to be dealt with at the local level.

National Clean Air Programme (NCAP):

  • The National Clean Air Programme is a pollution control initiative launched by the union Ministry of Environment Forest And Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • The overall objective of the programme includes comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
  • It also augments theair quality monitoring network across the country and strengthening the awareness and capacity building activities.


  • The main aim of the programme would be 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024.
  • The programme would take 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
  • The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year.
  • City specific action plans are being formulated for 102 non-attainment cities identified for implementing mitigation actions under NCAP. 

Why in news?

Many coronavirus patients have died of sepsis.

More about

  • Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the body’s immune system overreacting in response to an infection.
  • This overactive, toxic response can lead to tissue damage, multiple organ failure and death.
  • Sepsis can be triggered by a variety of pathogens like Viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites.
  • The causes of sepsis are usually pneumonia, wound infections, urinary tract infections or infections in the abdominal cavity.
  • In addition to the known seasonal influenza viruses, other viruses that are highly infectious, such as
  • coronaviruses, Ebola and yellow fever viruses, dengue, swine flu or bird flu viruses can also cause sepsis.
  • Symptoms that usually indicate possible sepsis are a drop in blood pressure with a simultaneous rise in heart rate, fever, rapid, heavy breathing, an unusually strong feeling of illness and sudden confusion.
  • Although sepsis is common in hospitals, it’s often detected very late. When diagnosed, sepsis is immediately treated as an emergency.
Regional Connectivity Scheme – UDAN

Why in news?

Wings India 2020, the biennial civil aviation and aerospace event was launched at Hyderabad.

More about the Event

  • The event is being organized by Ministry of Civil Aviation along with Airports Authority of India and FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry).
  • More than 100 exhibitors, over 20 states and over 500 delegates are participating in the flagship event of Civil Aviation.

Regional Connectivity Scheme – UDAN

  • Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) was launched as a regional connectivity scheme under the Ministry of Civil Aviation in
  • The objective of scheme is to create affordable and economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man even in small towns.
  • The scheme envisages providing connectivity to un-served and underserved airports of the country through the revival of existing air-strips and airports.
  • Under-served airports are those which do not have more than one flight a day, while unserved airports are those where there are no operations.
  • The scheme is operational for a period of 10 years.
  • UDAN 3.0 is the latest version of the scheme.

Salient features

  • The regional connectivity scheme will be applicable on route length between 200 to 800 km with no lower limit set for hilly, remote, island and security sensitive regions.
  • The Central government will provide concessions to the tune of 2 per cent excise on Value Added Tax (VAT) and service tax at 1/10th the rate and liberal code sharing for regional connectivity scheme airports.
  • A Regional Connectivity Fund (RCF) will be created to fund the scheme via a levy on certain flights. States are expected to contribute 20 per cent to the fund.
  • For balanced regional growth, allocations will be spread equitably across 5 regions - North, West, South, East and North East with a cap of 25 percent.
  • Market-based reverse bidding mechanism to determine least VGF to select the airline operator with the right to match to the initial proposer.
  • The government said VGF will be reduced if passenger load factor remains high and will be discontinued after 3 years when route becomes self-sustainable.

Current Affairs Capsules

Border Roads Organization (BRO)
  • The Border Roads Organization (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India's border areas and friendly neighboring countries.
  • Officers from the Border Roads Engineering Service (BRES) and personnel from the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) form the parent cadre of the Border Roads Organization and also staffed by officers and troops drawn from the Indian Army's Corps of Engineers.
Zoji La pass
  • It is a high mountain pass in Jammu and Kashmir, located on National Highway 1 connecting Srinagar in Kashmir Valley to Leh in Ladakh region.
  • During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, it was seized by Pakistani supported invaders in 1948 in their campaign to capture Ladakh.
  • The pass was re-captured by Indian forces on 1 November in an assault codenamed Operation Bison, which achieved success primarily due to the surprise use of tanks, then the highest altitude at which tanks had operated in combat in the world.