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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 24th January 2020

 

 
Democracy Index

Why in news?

India slipped 10 places in the 2019 Democracy Index's global ranking.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/india-falls-to-51st-position-in-eius-democracy-index/articleshow/73519661.cms
About the Index:

  • It is released annually by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
  • The index is based on five categories
  • Electoral process and pluralism
  • The functioning of government
  • Political participation
  • Political culture
  • Civil liberties

Note - Based on their total score, the countries are classified as: "full democracy" (scores greater than 8); flawed democracy — scores greater than 6 and less than or equal to 8; hybrid regime — scores greater than 4 and less than or equal to 6; authoritarian regime — scores less than or equal to 4".

Findings from the report:

 
  • The twelfth edition of the Democracy Index finds that the average global score has fallen from 5.48 in 2018, to 5.44 in 2019.
  • This is the worst average global score since The Economist Intelligence Unit first produced the Democracy Index in
  • Norway is on the top of the EIU’s democracy index followed by Iceland and Sweden.
  • North Korea was at the bottom of the global ranking at 167th place.

About India:

  • In 2019, India slipped 10 places to 51st position.
  • India was included in the "flawed democracy" category.
  • The primary cause of the democratic regression was an erosion of civil liberties in the country.
  • India's overall score fell from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in 2019.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Why in news?

India celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose on January 23, 2020.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/subhas-chandra-bose-jayanti-live-updates-123-birth-anniversary-modi-6231046/ 

More about the news

  • In order to commemorate Netaji’s birth anniversary, GoI is inaugurating a temple at Varanasi in the name of the leader with a Dalit woman as a chief priest.
  • The prayers are to be performed to Bharat Mata at the temple.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

  • He was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India.
  • He was born on January 23, 1897.
  • In 1920 he passed the civil service examination, but after hearing of the nationalist turmoils in India, he resigned his candidacy and hurried back to India.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress, (1938-Haripur and 1939-Tripuri).
  • Owing to political differences, he resigned from the Congress Presidentship in 1939 and organized the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Congress in Bengal.
  • He approached Russia and Germany for help in India’s freedom.
  • He provided leadership to the Indian National Army after he went to Japan in 1943.
  • He organized soldiers and formed provisional government in October 1943. By the Axis powers this provisional Government was recognized.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose started the newspaper 'Swaraj' in 1921.
  • Bose had set up an Indian Legion in Berlin in 1941.
Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property
 

Why in news?

State-owned Khadi Village Industries Corporation is eyeing international trademark for ‘khadi’ under the Paris Convention for protection of industrial property to prevent any product from masquerading as ‘khadi’ nationally or globally.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/cons-products/garments-/-textiles/kvic-seeks-international-trademark-for-khadi-items/articleshow/73507291.cms?from=mdr

More about the news

  • KVIC is fighting cases in several countries including Germany for violation of the Khadi Mark regulations.
  • The Regulations issued in 2013 by the Ministry Of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, empower KVIC to grant ‘Khadi Mark’ registration and take royalties from any producer using the Khadi mark.

Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property (1883)

  • The Paris Convention is a multilateral treaty dealing with the protection of industrial property in the widest sense.
  • It includes patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models (a kind of "small-scale patent" provided for by the laws of some countries), service marks, trade names (designations under which an industrial or commercial activity is carried out), geographical indications (indications of source and appellations of origin) and the repression of unfair competition.
  • The substantive provisions of the Convention fall into three main categories: National Treatment, Priority Right and Common Rules.
  • It is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations dealing with the protection and promotion of intellectual property rights.
  • Article 6 of the Paris Convention of 1883 protects armorial bearings, flags and other State symbols of the States part to the convention, including official signs, and hallmarks indicating control and warranty adopted by them.
Mutual Recognition of Seafarers Competency Certificates

Why in news?

Cabinet approves Model MoU with foreign countries for unilateral/bilateral recognition of Certificates of Competency of seafarers.

https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=197560

More about the news

  • It is pursuant to Regulation 1/10 of International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping (STCW) for Seafarers, 1978.
 

Benefits

  • The unilateral MoU would facilitate unilateral recognition by another country of the certificates issued by the Directorate General of Shipping to Indian seafarers, without seeking similar recognition by India of the certificates issued by that country.
  • Indian Seafarers, therefore, will be eligible to be placed on ships under the flag of that country for employment, thus leading to increased employment opportunities.
  • The proposed bilateral MoU will enable India and another country with which such a MoU may be entered, to mutually recognize maritime education and training, certificates of competency, endorsements, documentary evidence of training and medical fitness certificates, issued to the seafarers who are citizens of respective countries.
  • The bilateral MoU would therefore, make the seafarers of both the countries to be eligible for employment on ships of either party based on the certificates so recognized.
  • India being a seafarer supplying nation with large pool of trained seafarers will stand to be benefitted.

International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping (STCW) for Seafarers, 1978.

  • It sets minimum qualification standards for masters, officers and watch personnel on seagoing merchant ships and large yachts.
  • STCW was adopted in 1978 by conference at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London, and entered into force in
  • The main purpose of the Convention is to promote safety of life and property at sea and the protection of the marine environment by establishing in common agreement international standards of training, certification and watch keeping for seafarers.
  • One especially important feature of the Convention is that it applies to ships of non-party States when visiting ports of States which are Parties to the Convention.
FEMBoSA

Why in news?

The Election Commission of India is going to host the 10th annual meeting of the Forum of the Election Management Bodies of South Asia (FEMBoSA) at New Delhi on 24 January 2020 and take over as Chair of FEMBoSA for 2020.  

 https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1600303

Forum of the Election Management Bodies of South Asia (FEMBoSA)

  • The FEMBoSA represents a very large part of the democratic world and is an active regional association of the election management bodies of South Asia.
  • FEMBoSA was established at the 3rdConference of Heads of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) of SAARC Countries held at New Delhi in 2012 through a unanimously adopted resolution.
 
  • The Conference also unanimously adopted the Charter of the Forum. 
  • The annual FEMBoSA meeting is held by rotation among the members
  • The last (9th) annual meeting of FEMBoSA was held in Dhaka in September 2018.
  • Besides ECI, the other 7 members are EMBs from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  • The objectives of the Forum are to promote contact among the EMBs of the SAARC countries; share experiences with a view to learning from each other and cooperate with one another in enhancing the capabilities of the EMBs towards conducting free and fair elections.
National Data and Analytics Platform

Why in news?

NITI Aayog released its vision for the National Data and Analytics Platform (NDAP).

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1600370

National Data and Analytics Platform

  • The platform aims to democratize access to publicly available government data.
  • It will host the latest datasets from various government websites, present them coherently, and provide tools for analytics and visualization.
  • NDAP will follow a user-centric approach and will enable data access in a simple and intuitive portal tailored to the needs of a variety of stakeholders.
  • NDAP will spearhead the standardization of formats in which data is presented across sectors and will cater to a wide audience of policymakers, researchers, innovators, data scientists, journalists and citizens.
  • Central as well as state government datasets will be available in the platform.
  • The development of NDAP will take place over a period of one year.
  • The first version of the platform is expected to be launched in

Current Affairs Capsules

Reskilling Revolution Initiative
  • An initiative by World Economic Forum, India joined as founding member.
  • The other founding members include US, UAE, Russia, Pakistan, France and Brazil.
  • The initiative aims at providing better education, jobs and skills for more than 1 billion people in the world by 2030.
Vyommitra
  • The prototype of the half-humanoid developed by the ISRO Inertial Systems Unit, Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Vyommitra will be sent to space as a trial before Gaganyaan, which will be launched in 2022.
  • The half humanoid will simulate human functions in space and also interact with the environment control life support system.
Previous year question
  1. Which one of the following is the theme of Wings India 2020?
  • Flying up into the sky
  • Flying for all
  • India – Global Aviation Hub
  • Increasing Regional Connectivity