Corruption Perception Index 2019
Why in news?
India slips two places on global corruption perception index
About the Corruption Perception Index:
- It is released by Transparency International.
- Transparency International launched the first index in 1995 and is published annually.
- The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people.
- It uses a scale from 0 to 100, where zero is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.
- The top countries in 2019 index are New Zealand and Denmark, with scores of 87 each.
- With a score of 41, India is at the 80th spot.
- The rank is also shared by China, Benin, Ghana and Morocco.
- India rank - 78 in the year 2018
Note – Average score in 2019 index is 43.
Related Information Plus:
- Transparency International, an international non-governmental organizationwhich is based in Berlin, Germany was founded in 1993.
- Its nonprofit purpose is to take action to combat corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption.
Why in news?
Nepal has invited Prime Minister of India to attend the first Sagarmatha Sambaad.
More about the news
- Sagarmatha Sambad is an initiative of the Government of Nepal to host a permanent biennial global dialogue starting from 2020.
- The first edition of the 'Sagarmatha Sambaad' is scheduled to be held from April 2 to 4 on the theme Climate Change, Mountains and the Future of Humanity.
- The Sambad (dialogue) is named after the world’s tallest mountain Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) which is also a symbol of friendship.
- The event is expected to be the biggest diplomatic initiative in Nepal’s recent history.
- It will be attended by many global figures apart from the leaders of the member countries of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
The Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways launched online Web Portal GATI.
More about the portal
- The portal has been created by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) taking inspiration from the PRAGATI Portal used by Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).
- It can be accessed from NHAI Website and contractors/concessionaires can raise any project related issues on the Portal.
- The issue will immediately come to the notice of every official of NHAI including top management, and immediate action will be taken by the concerned officer, duly updating on the Portal.
- The issues raised in the GATI will be daily monitored by a team of officers in NHAI and will be constantly reviewed by the senior officers of NHAI and the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways.
- This will bring transparency and speed up the decision making giving real GATI to highway construction.
PRAGATI(Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation)
- It is a multi-purpose and multi-modal platform that is aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments.
- The Platform uniquely bundles three latest technologies: Digital data management, video-conferencing and geo-spatial technology.
- It also offers a unique combination in the direction of cooperative federalism since it brings on one stage the Secretaries of Government of India and the Chief Secretaries of the States.
- With this, the Prime Minister is able to discuss the issues with the concerned Central and State officials with full information and latest visuals of the ground level situation.
National Voters’ Day
Why in news?
10th National Voters’ Day will be celebrated on 25th January 2020.
- Theme for NVD 2020 is ‘Electoral Literacy for Stronger Democracy’
- The National Voters’ Day (NVD) has been celebrated on January 25 every year since 2011, all across the country at over ten lakh locations across the nation including polling stations areas.
- Election Commission of India was established on 25th January 1950.
- The main purpose of the NVD celebration is to encourage, facilitate and maximize the enrolment, especially for the new voters.
- The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
- The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
- The commission consists of one Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
- The secretariat of the commission is located in New Delhi.
- At the state level election commission is helped by a Chief Electoral Officer.
- The President appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners.
- They have a fixed tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
- They enjoy the same status and receive salary as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of India.
- The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through a process of removalsimilar to that of a Supreme Court judge for by Parliament.
Why in news?
In continuation of Union Government’s outreach initiative, Union Minister of Human Resource Development inaugurated NISHTHA (National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement), for the teachers of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
NISHTHA (National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement):
- NISHTHA is a benchmark programme that will raise the standards of education throughout the country Launched by Ministry of Human Resource Development
- It will prove to be helpful in inculcating creativity among children and stimulate their imagination as well as physical and mental wellbeing.
- The main objective of the initiative is to help overall development of students as better citizens.
Objective of the Programme:
- It aims to train over 42 lakh participants covering all teachers and Heads of Schools at the elementary level in all Government schools, faculty members of State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs), District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) as well as Block Resource Coordinators and Cluster Resource Coordinators across the country.
- Teachers will get awareness and develop their skills on various aspects related to
- Learning Outcomes
- School Safety and Security, Personal-social qualities
- Inclusive Education
- ICT in teaching-learning including Artificial Intelligence
- Health and well-being including yoga
- Pre-school and Pre-vocational Education.
- Teachers are also expected to be aware of theprovisions regarding, The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.
- The integrated programme therefore seeks to train all heads and teachers as first level counsellorsto be alert and responsive to the needs of the students.
Current Affairs Capsules
- A new snake eel species.
- Named Ophichthus kailashchandrai to honour the vast contributions of Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director of ZSI, to Indian animal taxonomy.
- It is the eighth speciesof the Ophichthus genus found on the Indian coast.
- It lives at a depth of around 50 metresin the sea.
- Karwar is a city in Uttara Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka and the administrative Centre of Uttara Kannada district.
- It is situated between Sahyadri ever green forest in east, blue Arabian Sea to the west, towards south ends with harbour and North the Kali River.
- It is the only all-weather natural port out of 10 minor ports of Karnataka.
- It is known as Kashmir of Karnataka as it is blessed with a wide variety of flora and fauna.