Bodo Peace Accord
Why in news?
Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah presided over the signing of a historic agreement between Government of India, Government of Assam and Bodo representatives, in New Delhi to end the over 50-year old Bodo crisis.
- Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population.
- The four districts in Assam — Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — that constitute the Bodo Territorial Area District (BTAD), are home to several ethnic groups.
What is the dispute?
- The Bodos have had a long history of separatist demands, marked by armed struggle.
- In 1966-67, the demand for a separate state called Bodoland was raised under the banner of the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA), a political outfit.
- In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) renewed the demand. “Divide Assam fifty-fifty”, was a call given
- by the ABSU’s then leader, Upendra Nath Brahma.
Who are the NDFB?
- Alongside political movements, armed groups have also sought to create a separate Bodo state.
- In October 1986, the prominent group Bodo Security Force (BdSF) was formed by Ranjan Daimary later it was renamed as National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), an organisation that is known to be involved in attacks, killings, and extortions.
- Later NDFB has split into several factions.
What about the previous settlements?
- This is the third bodo accord to be signed in last 27 years. The first bodo accord was signed with All Bodo Students Union in 1993 which created a bodoland autonomous council with limited political powers.
- The second bodo accord was signed in 2003 with the militant group Bodo liberation tigers leading to the formation of Bodoland territorial council (BTC) with four districts of Assam - Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — called Bodo Territorial Area District (BTAD).
What is the agreement now?
- A Special Development Package Rs. 1500 crores over three years will be given by the Union Government to undertake specific projects for the development of Bodo areas.
- After the agreement, the NDFB factions will leave the path of violence, surrender their weapons and disband their armed organizations within a month of signing the deal.
- The Union Government and the Government of Assam will take necessary measures to rehabilitate over 1500 cadres of NDFB factions.
- The current agreement proposes to set up a commission under Section 14 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India, which will recommend the inclusion or exclusion of tribal population residing in villages adjoining BTAD areas.
- In this commission, besides State government there will be representatives from ABSU and BTC.
- The Assam government will also notify Bodo language as an associate official language in the state and will set up a separate directorate for Bodo medium schools.
- The present settlement has proposal to give more legislative, executive, administrative and financial powers to BTC.
Why in news?
Bharat Parv 2020 to be celebrated from 26th to 31st January.
About Bharat Parv:
- It is organised by the Ministry of Tourism.
- It includes diversified dances of the country, food courts and handicrafts from all over the country.
- Bharat Parv is being celebrated as part of Republic Day celebrations since 2016.
- The objective of Bharat Parv is to encourage Indians to visit different tourism places of India and to inculcate the spirit of ‘Dekho Apna Desh’.
Note - The Central Theme of 2020 Bharat Parv is ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ and ‘Celebrating 150 Years of Mahatma’.
Why in news?
Padma Awards 2020 Announced.
- Padma Awards - one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely,
- Padma Vibhushan- forexceptional and distinguished service
- Padma Bhushan- for distinguished service of a high order; and
- Padma Shri- for distinguished service
- Padma Awards -instituted in the year 1954, is announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day except for brief interruption(s) during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.
- The Awards are given in various disciplines/ fields of activities, viz. - art,social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine,literature and education, sports, civil service, etc.
- The nomination process is open to the public, even self-nomination can be made.
- These awards are conferred by the President of India.
- The total number of awards to be given in a year (excluding posthumous awards and to NRI/foreigners/OCIs) should not be more than 120.
- The Padma Awards are conferred on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.
- The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes Home Secretary, Secretary to the President and four to six eminent persons as members.
- The recommendations of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval.
Note -The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.
- The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
Why in news?
The HRD Ministry has approached the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) to flag alleged corruption) in the implementation of the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).
More about the News
- Tata Institute of Social Sciences(TISS) has been the implementing agency of the scheme since November 2013 and, as per the government’s MoU with the institute, will incur expenditure and submit claims to the HRD Ministry for reimbursement.
- An audit by TISS last year uncovered that Rs 23 lakh was allegedly spent out of RUSA funds.
More about the scheme
- Rashtriya Uchchattar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a centrally sponsored scheme for the holistic development for higher education in India.
- It was initiated in 2013 by the UnionMinistry of Human Resource Development.
- The scheme is being operated in mission mode for funding state universities and colleges to achieve the aims of equity, access and excellence.
- The key objectives of RUSA are:
- To improve access, equity and quality in higher education through planned development of higher
- education at the state level.
- Creating new academic institutions, expanding and upgrading the existing ones, developing institutions that are self-reliant in terms of quality education, professionally managed, and characterized by greater inclination towards research and provide students with education that is relevant to them as well the nation as a whole.
- Funding is provided by the central ministry through the State governments and Union Territories (UTs), which in coordination with the Central Project Appraisal Board monitors the academic, administrative and financial advancements taken under the scheme.
Oslo Peace Accord
Why in news?
Palestinians threaten to quit Oslo peace accord.
More about the news
- Palestine officials threatened to withdraw from key provisions of the Oslo Accords, which define relations with Israel, if U.S. President Donald Trump announces his Middle East peace plan next week.
Oslo Peace Accord
- The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
- The Oslo Accords marked the start of the Oslo process, a peace process aimed at achieving a peace treaty based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and at fulfilling the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination.
- The Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993 and the Oslo II Accord, signed in Taba, Egypt, in
- Oslo I is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP).
- The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process.
- It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.
- Oslo II, officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza, expanded on Oslo I.
- It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.
- The pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.
Note: The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades and the question of Jerusalem was left undecided.
3rd Global Potato Conclave
Why in news?
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will address the 3rd Global Potato Conclave at Gandhinagar, Gujarat through remote video conferencing.
- The present conclave is the third in the series.
- In a gap of every ten years it is necessary to work out the achievements in potato sector and set a roadmap for forthcoming decade.
- In this direction, during last two decades two Global Potato Conferences were organized during 1999, and 2008.
- The Conclave will provide an opportunity to bring all stakeholders at one common platform so that all the issues are discussed and future plans are made involving everyone related to the potato sector.
- Gujarat is the leading producer of Potato in the country.
- In the last eleven years alone, while the area under potato in India has increased by 19%, it has increased by about 170% in Gujarat.
- The Conclave is being organized by Indian Potato Association (IPA) in collaboration with Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, and ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla and International Potato Center (CIP), Lima, Peru.
Current Affairs Capsules
Shiv Bhojan Scheme
- Launched by Maharashtra.
- The scheme will offer meals at Rs 10 to the poor.
- The scheme aims at providing affordable, quality food to all.