Mahadayi water dispute
Why in news?
Centre issues notification on Mahadayi water row.
More about the news
- The Centre issued a notification on sharing the waters of inter-State Mahadayi among Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra.
- Mahadayi River rises in the Western Ghats, from the Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary of
- Flowing westward, it enters Goa.
- A number of streams join the flow of the river to form the Mandovi which is one of two major rivers that flow through Goa. It joins the Arabian Sea at Panaji.
- The Mahadayi River, also spelt Mhadei or Mahadeyi, stretches 111-km.
- Over two-thirds of the river’s stretch lies in Goa (76km).
- The Mandovi is important for Goa also because it is one of the few sweet-water sources at the state’s disposal.
- Most of Goa’s 11 rivers contain salt water and Mandovi ensures water security as well as being an important place to source fish for the state.
Mahadayi River Dispute
- The trigger for the dispute was Karnataka’s move to design a number of dams, canals and barrages to route the Mahadayi river water to the Malaprabha basin.
- The state claimed that channeling the river water into the basin of Malaprabha, a tributary of the Krishna, would meet the requirements of water-scarce districts of Bagalkot, Gadag, Dharwad and Belagavi.(Kalasa Banduri Nala Project)
- After sustained efforts by the Goa government, the Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was set up in
- Goa contends that its population is dependent on the river’s natural path and any move to divert it would affect its fragile ecosystem.
Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal (MWDT):
- It involves the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Goa
- The tribunal had awarded the water-sharing formula on August 14, 2018 and forwarded it to the Union government for action.
- In its order the Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal allocated 42 tmcft of water from the Mahadayi to Karnataka.
- Of the 13.42 tmcft of water allocated for Karnataka, 5.5 tmcft is meant for use within the river basin and for diversion to the Malaprabha reservoir, and around 8 tmcft for power generation.
Note: To know more about (Kalasa Banduri Nala Project)-
Inner Line Permit
Why in news?
The demandfor the introduction of the innerline permit (ILP)in Meghalaya.
Inner Line Permit:
- Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.
- By the ILP, government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
- The system is in force in three North-eastern states — Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram — and no Indian citizen can visit any of these states unless he or she belongs to that state, nor can he or she overstay beyond the period specified in the ILP.
Who Issues ILP?
- An ILP is issued by the state government
- It can be obtained by applying online or directly from the government office.
- It states the dates of travel and also specifies the particular areas in the state which the ILP holder can travel to.
- The concept of an inner line permit was formulated during the British Government.
- An inner line permit is a travel document issued under the Eastern Frontier Regulations in 1873.
Note -In 1950, the Indian government replaced “British subjects” with “Citizen of India”.
Why in news?
Eurasian otter found in Chilika Lake.
- It is a semiaquatic mammal native to Eurasia.
- Three species of otters are reported in India; Common Otter, Smooth Coated Otter and Clawless Otter.
- IUCN –Near Threatened
- Eurasian Otter (Common Otter): CITES Appendix I; Wildlife Protection Act 1972 -Schedule II
Other otter’s status:
- Smooth Coated Otter: CITES Appendix II; Wildlife Protection Act, 1972- Schedule II
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
- Clawless Otter: CITES Appendix II; Wildlife Protection Act, 1972-Schedule I
- The Smooth-coated Otter is distributed throughout the country from the Himalayas southward.
- But the Common Otter and the Small-clawed Otter are restricted to the Himalayas, to the north of the Ganges and to southern India.
- The occurrence of all three species has been reported from northeast India and the Western Ghats.
UGC Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrators
Why in news?
Union HRD Minister launches UKIERI-UGC Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrators in New Delhi.
- It is a joint initiative of University Grants Commission (UGC) and British Council under the auspices of UK India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI).
- The main objective of the programme is to train the senior and middle level academic administrators to enable them to bring about systemic changes with renewed approaches, capacity, tools and skill in Universities in India.
UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI)
- It was started in April 2006 with the aim of enhancing educational linkages between India and the UK.
- Since then UKIERI has been recognized as a key multi stakeholder programme that has strengthened the research, leadership, and education and now skill sector relations between the two countries.
- UKIERI Phase 1 (2006-2011) was set out to establish a framework that enables a step change in the bilateral relationships on education and research.
- UKIERI Phase 2 (2011-2016) narrowed the focus by working on thematic areas of national concern to both countries.
- The UKIERI Phase Three (2016-2021) is a bilateral project between the UK and India that aims to promote institutional and individual excellence in educational practices, research, and employability.
Why in news?
Major Racket of Fake Invoicing of Rs.7896 Crore Busted Involving Network of 23 Shell Companies.
What are shell companies?
- Shell companies are typically corporate entities which do not have any active business operations or significant assets in their possession.
- The government views them with suspicion as some of them could be used for money laundering, tax evasion
- and other illegal activities.
Laws targeting the activities of shell companies are
- Benami Transaction (Prohibition) Amendment Act 2016
- The Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002
- The Companies Act, 2013.
What actions can be taken against shell companies?
- The Registrar of Companies issues a notice to such companies and their directors seeking their response within 30 days.
- If the response is not satisfactory, the company’s name would be removed from the register.
Participation of women in various schemes
Why in news?
Ministry of Finance, in the past six years has launched various schemes which have special provisions for empowerment of women.
As we are celebrating International Women’s Day on 8th March 2020, we take a look at various schemes initiated by the Ministry of Finance which have benefitted the women in India.
Stand-Up India Scheme
The objective of this scheme is to facilitate bank loans between Rs.10 lakh and Rs.1 crore to at least one Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST) borrower and at least one woman borrower per bank branch of SCBs for setting up a Greenfield enterprise.
As on 17.02.2020, more than 81% account holders under Stand Up India Scheme are women.
Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)
- PMMY was launched for providing loans up to 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises.
- These loans are classified as MUDRA loans under PMMY. These loans are given by Commercial Banks, RRBs, Small Finance Banks, MFIs and NBFCs.
- MUDRA has created three products namely 'Shishu', 'Kishore' and 'Tarun'to signify the stage of growth / development and funding needs of the beneficiary.
- As on 31.01.2020, 70% of the total loan borrowers are Women.
Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
- The scheme envisages universal access to banking facilities with at least one basic banking account for every adult.
- As on 19.02.2020, 20.33 crore beneficiaries out of 38.13 crore beneficiaries are womenwhich amounts to 53 %.
Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
- It envisages a universal social security system for all Indians, specially the poor and the under-privilege by offering guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 -Rs. 5000 at the age of 60 years.
- As on 22.02.2020, more than 93 lakh subscribers (43%) out of a total of around 2.15 crore subscribers under APY are women.
- Women are in the forefront of saving for old age income security as their participation is higher than men in the States /UTs of Sikkim (73%), Tamil Nadu (56%), Kerala (56%), Andhra Pradesh (55%), Puducherry (54%), Meghalaya (54%), Jharkhand (54%), Bihar (52%).
Dholavira: A Harappan City
Why in news?
Government of India has submitted two nomination dossiers namely ‘Dholavira: A Harappan City’ and ‘Monuments and Forts of Deccan Sultanate’ for inclusion in the World Heritage List for the year 2020.
- Dholavira is located on Khadir Beyt, an island in the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat in India.
- It has been excavated since 1990 by a team lead by R S Bisht of ASI.
- The city is as large as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
- It has some of the best preserved stone architecture.
- A tantalizing signboard with Indus script has also been discovered at Dholavira.
- Only site to be divided into three parts.
- Giant water reservoir.
- Unique water harnessing system.
- A stadium.
Current Affairs Capsules
Gir National Park
- Location – Gujarat
- It was declared as a sanctuary in 1965 and a national park in 1975.
Dwar Praday Yojana
- It is a pilot project that was started in Indore by the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
- Under the scheme Applicants living within the boundaries of the Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) get five types of documents — domicile certificate, income certificate, birth certificate, death certificate and copy of Khasra-Khatauni (a land ownership document) — delivered at their home within 24 hours of applying online.