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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 4th March 2020

 

 

Suposhit Maa Abhiyan

Why in news?

The Lok Sabha speaker Shri Om Birla launched Suposhit Maa Abhiyan in Kota, Rajasthan.

Suposhit Maa Abhiyan:

  • The Scheme is launched to help India achieve its target of “Malnutrition Free India” by 2022.
  • It mainly provides nutritional support to pregnant women and adolescent girls.
  • Suposhit Maa Abhiyan was launched to preserve the health of future generations.
  • Under the programme, more than 1000 women are to be given food for 1 month.
  • the health of the child, including medical examination, blood tests, medicines, delivery, would be covered.
  • It is applicable only to one pregnant woman per family.
  • In the first phase of the campaign, 1,000 kits of 17 kg balanced diet were provided to 1,000 pregnant women. 
  • It includes milet flour, wheat, maize, gram, jaggery, large soybean, groundnut, ghee, dates, roasted gram, lentil, oatmeal and rice.
Sukhna Lake

Why in news?

Punjab CM promises to protect Sukhna Lake.

Sukhna Lake:

  • Location – Chandigarh
  • It is a reservoir at the foothills (Shivalik hills) of the Himalayas.
  • The lake is home to several species of migratory birds like the Siberian duck, storks and cranes.
  • Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the North-East of Sukhna Lake.
  • Sukhna Lake was constructed in 1958.
  • The lake has been declared as a protected national wetland by the Government of India.
  • A major threat to Sukhna is the discharge of pollutants from neighbouring areas.
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Why in news?

U.N. rights body to move Supreme Court on Citizenship Amendment Act.

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

  • The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UN Human Rights) is the leading UN entity on human
 
  • It is also known as UN Human Rights Office and it is a department of the Secretariat of the United Nations that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
  • The office was established by the UN General Assembly in 1993 on the eve of 1993 World Conference on Human Rights.
  • The office is headed by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, who co-ordinates human rights activities throughout the UN System and acts as the secretariat of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The General Assembly entrusted both the High Commissioner and her Office with a unique mandate to promote and protect all human rights for all people.

Human Rights Council

  • The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them.
  • It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
  • The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.
  • The members are elected for a period of three years, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.
  • The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

Note:The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is often confused with the HRC. It is a separate institution which presents reports independent of the HRC.

Black carbon

Why in news?

Black carbon levels spike at Himalayan glaciers.

More about the news

  • Black carbon concentrations near the Gangotri glacier rose 400 times in summer due to forest fires and
 
  • stubble burning from agricultural waste, and triggered glacial melt, says a study.

Black carbon

  • Black carbon results from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass.
  • The fine particles absorb light and about a million times more energy than carbon dioxide.
  • It is said to be the second largest contributor to climate change after CO2.
  • But unlike CO2, which can stay in the atmosphere for years together, black carbon is short-lived and remains in the atmosphere only for days to weeks before it descends as rain or snow.
  • The concentration varied from a minimum of 01μg/cubic metre in winter to 4.62μg/cubic metre during summer.
  • India is the second largest emitter of black carbon in the world, with emissions expected to increase dramatically in the coming decades, with the Indo Gangetic plains said to be the largest contributor.
  • Black carbon absorbs solar energy and warms the atmosphere.
  • When it falls to earth with precipitation, it darkens the surface of snow and ice, reducing their albedo (the reflecting power of a surface), warming the snow, and hastening melting.
In-Flight Wi-Fi

Why in news?

The government has permitted airlines operating in India to provide in-flight Wi-Fi services to passengers.

More about

  • The pilot may permit the access of Internet services by passengers on board an aircraft in flight, through Wi-Fi on board, when laptop, smartphone, tablet, smart watch, e-reader or a point of sale device is used in flight mode or airplane mode.

How will in-flight Wi-Fi work?

  • Broadly, in-flight connectivity systems use two kinds of technologies.
  • One, an on-board antenna picks up signals from the nearest tower on the ground, and unless the aircraft flying over a large space with no towers (such as a water body), the connection will remain seamless up to a certain altitude.
  • Otherwise, satellites can be used to connect to ground stations in the same way that satellite TV signals are transmitted.
  • Data is transmitted to a personal electronic device through an on-board router, which connects to the plane’s antenna.
  • The antenna transmits the signals, through satellites, to a ground station, which redirects the traffic to a billing server that calculates the data consumption.
  • It is then relayed to the intercepting servers, and to the World Wide Web.
  • Once flight mode is activated, the plane’s antenna will link to terrestrial Internet services provided by telecom service providers; when the aircraft has climbed to 3,000 m (normally 4-5 minutes after take-off), the antenna will switch to satellite-based services.
  • This way, there will be no break in Internet services to passengers, and cross-interference between terrestrial and satellite networks will be avoided.
  • In general, Wi-Fi on a plane is slower than on the ground — even though this is changing with newer technologies.
  • Technology and laws allow calls to be made from aircraft, but many airlines do not want noisy cabins. A TRAI
 
  • paper from a couple of years ago said over 30 airlines offer on-board connectivity.
Cartagena Protocol

Why in news?

Area, production and productivity of Bt. cotton has increased steadily since its introduction in India, barring minor fluctuation in few years – information given by minister in loksabha.

  • Most of the countries are signatory to the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety which has well defined mechanism of regulation of Genetically Modified (GM) crops including bio-safety evaluation and environmental release.
  • Further, acceptance of GM crops has increased at global level and area under GM crops increased from 7 Million hectare in 1996 to 191.7 Million hectares in 2018.
  • The aim of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is to achieve the goal of food security and nutritional requirements for a growing population by using best available technology.
  • cotton is the only GM crop approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) in 2002 for commercial cultivation in the country.
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change informed that they have received feedback from multiple stakeholders for and against release of GM brinjal and GM mustard.
  • The feedback was suitably considered by the GEAC, which has advised additional studies to be conducted for assessment of impact on environment and health.

Cartagena Protocol

  • The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversityis an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology.
  • The protocol also accounts for risks to human health and adverse effects on biological diversity.
  • It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003.
Crop Diversification Programme (CDP)

Why in news?

Information regarding Crop Diversification Programme was given by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha.

Crop Diversification Programme (CDP)

  • Crop Diversification Programme (CDP) is a sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
  • It is being implemented in Original Green Revolution States to divert the area of paddy crop to alternate crops and in tobacco growing states to encourage tobacco farmers to shift to alternate crops/cropping system.
  • Under CDP for replacing paddy crop, assistance is provided for four major interventions viz., alternate crop demonstrations, farm mechanization & value addition, site-specific activities &contingency for awareness, training, monitoring, etc.
  • However, for replacing tobacco crop, tobacco growing states have been given flexibility to take suitable activities/interventions for growing alternative agricultural/horticultural crops.
  • Government of India also provides flexibility to the states for state specific needs/priorities under RKVY.
  • The state can promote crop diversification under RKVY with the approval of State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) headed by Chief Secretary of the State.