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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 5th March 2020

 

 


Main Topics

Quality Council of India (QCI)

Why in news?

APEDA has signed Memorandum of Understandings with IIT Delhi, Quality Council of India and Indian Chamber of Food and Agriculture (ICFA).

Quality Council of India (QCI):

  • Quality Council of India (QCI) was set up in 1997 jointly by the Government of India and the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations,
  • e. Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
  • It aims to establish and operate national accreditation structure and promote quality through National Quality Campaign. 
  • Quality Council of India (QCI) is an autonomous organization under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • It is the Quality Apex and National Accreditation Body for accreditation and quality promotion in the country.
  • The Council was established to provide a credible, reliable mechanism for third party assessment of products, services and processes which is accepted and recognized globally.
  • Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on recommendation of the industry to the government.
 

Objectives:

  • Provide right and unbiased information on quality related standards
  • Facilitate upgradation of equipments and techniques related to quality
  • Represent India’s Interest in International forums
  • Help establish brand equity of Indian products and services
Agriculture Export Policy

Why in news?

Spice farmers, exporters should help India become $5-trillion economy: Minister

Agriculture Export Policy:

  • The Agriculture Export Policy was launched in 2018.
  • It aims to increase the agricultural export potential of the country.

Objectives of the Agriculture Export Policy:

  • To double agricultural exports from present ~US$ 30+ Billion to ~US$ 60+ Billion by 2022.
  • To diversify our export basket, destinations and boost high value and value added agricultural exports including focus on perishables.
  • To promote novel, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional Agri products exports.
  • To provide an institutional mechanism for pursuing market access, tackling barriers and deal with sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues.
  • To strive to double India’s share in world agri exports by integrating with global value chain at the earliest.
  • Enable farmers to get benefit of export opportunities in overseas market.

Elements of the Agriculture Export Policy Framework:

Strategic:

  • Policy measures
  • Infrastructure and logistics support
  • Holistic approach to boost exports
  • Greater involvement of State Governments in agri exports

Operational:

  • Focus on Clusters
  • Promoting value-added export
  • Marketing and promotion of “Brand India
  • Attract private investments into production and processing
  • Establishment of strong quality regimen
  • Research & Development
  • Miscellaneous
Chromosomes

 Why in news?

A new research has tested one of many hypothesis, that the real reason is related to the sex chromosomes.

Chromosomes:

  • The human body is made up of cells, and in the centre of each cell is the nucleus.
  • Chromosomes, which are located inside the nucleus, are structures that hold the genes.
  • It is the genes that determine the various traits of an individual, including eye colour, blood type — and sex.

About the pairs:

  • The human cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes.
  • One pair is of the sex chromosomes, named X and Y, which determine whether an individual is male or
 
  • A female has two X chromosomes (XX) while a male has one X and one Y (XY).

Note- In a female (XX), if one X chromosome is damaged, the other X can stand in its place. No such substitute in a male (XY).

Note-  In species where males are heterogametic (XY), females live almost 21% longer than males.

  • But in the species of birds, butterflies and moths, where females are heterogametic (ZW), males only outlive females by 7%.
Blockchain Technology

Why in news?

Looking at tapping blockchain, lasers for military use.

Blockchain Technology:

  • Blockchain is a secure, digitised and distributed ledger to store records.
  • Anything recorded on them cannot be deleted, and is instantly uploaded to all users on that blockchain.
  • It is a decentralized, digitized, public ledger of each crypto currency transactions.
  • Continuously growing as complete blocks are recorded as well as added to it in the chronological order.
  • This technology allows market contributors to keep holistic track of digital currency transactions without single central record keeping.
  • Every single node (computer connected to a network) gets a copy of blockchain, which can be automatically downloaded.
  • Initially developed as the accounting method for a virtual currency Bitcoin, blockchain– that use what’s known as the technology of distributed ledger (DLT) – today are coming into view in a vast variety of commercial applications.
  • Primarily used to verify all deals, within the digital currencies, however; it is possible to digitize, insert and code almost any document into the blockchain.

Advantages of the technology:

As a public ledger system, blockchain records and validate each and every transaction made, which makes it secure and reliable.

All the transactions made are authorized by miners, which makes the transactions immutable and prevent it from the threat of hacking.

Blockchain technology discards the need of any third-party or central authority for peer-to -peer transactions.

It allows decentralization of the technology.

Current Affairs Capsules

Gairsain
  • Location- Uttarakhand
  • The new summer capital of the state.
  • Gairsain is situated at the eastern edge of the vast Dudhatoli mountain range.