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Daily Newsletter | TPS 20 Daily Current Affairs | 9th March 2020

 

 

 

Kyasanoor Forest Disease

Why in news?

48-year-old woman dies of monkey fever in Wayanad.

Kyasanoor Forest Disease / monkey fever:

  • Kyasanoor Forest Disease (KFD) is tick-borne viralhaemorrhagic fever endemic to South Asia.
  • The virus is transmitted to human beings through parasitic tickswhich latch on to monkeys.
  • The disease is caused by Kyasanur forest disease virus (KFDV), a member of the virus family Flaviviridae, which also cause yellow fever and dengue.
  • vaccine does exist for KFDand is used in endemic areas of India.

Transmission:

  • Transmission to humans may occur after a tick bite or contact with an infected animal.
  • No person-to-person transmissionhas been described.
  • Rodents, shrews, and monkeys are common hosts for KFDV after being bitten by an infected tick.

Symptoms:

  • Fever for more than 12 days, accompanied by cough, headache, diarrhoea and vomiting.
  • The fever is followed by mental disturbances, tremors and vision deficits.

Note- In India, the disease was first reported in 1957 from Shimoga district, Karnataka.

POSHAN Abhiyaan

Why in news?

Government is implementing POSHAN Abhiyaan (earlier known as National Nutrition Mission) to address the

 

 problem of malnutrition in the country.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1605555

POSHAN Abhiyaan:

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan was launched on 8th March
  • The Abhiyaan aims to reduce malnutrition in the country in a phased manner, through a life cycle approach, by adopting a synergised and result oriented approach.
  • To ensure a holistic approach, all districts of States/UTs have been covered in the Abhiyaan.
  • The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 4% to 25% by 2022.
  • The goals of POSHAN Abhiyaan are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers, in a time bound manner during the three years with fixed targets.

Objective and Target:

S.No

Objective

Target

1.

Prevent and reduce Stunting in children (0- 6 years)

By 6% @ 2% p.a.

2.

Prevent and reduce under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years)

By 6% @ 2% p.a.

3.

Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among young Children(6-59 months)

By 9% @ 3% p.a.

4.

Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among Women and Adolescent Girls in the age group of 15-49 years.

By 9% @ 3% p.a.

5.

Reduce Low Birth Weight (LBW).

By 6% @ 2% p.a.

Border Area Development Programme

Why in news?

The Arunachal Pradesh government has sought pilot development projects to stop people living along its international borders, specifically with China, from migrating to faraway urban centres in the State.

More about the news

  • The depopulation in border villages of Arunachal Pradesh is considered as a security threat, as it is easier for foreign armies to occupy vacant villages.
  • Arunachal Pradesh shares a 1,080 km border with China, 440 km with Myanmar and 160 km with Bhutan.
 
  • The state sought development projects under Border Area Development Programme to sop this migration.

Border Area Development Programme

  • It is implemented by The Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs through the State Governments as part of a comprehensive approach to Border Management.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • The programme aims to meet the special development needs of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the international border through convergence of Central/State/BADP/Local schemes and participatory approach.
  • BADP was initiated in the border areas of the western region during that Seventh Five Year Plan
  • The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance.
  • The State covered are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
  • Under this programme priority is given to the areas closer to the border.
Katchatheevu Island

Why in news?

2000 pilgrims set out to Katchatheevu for church festival.

Katchatheevu Island

  • Katchatheevu is an uninhabited islet in the Palk Strait.
  • The land was owned by the Raja of Ramnad (Ramanathapuram) and later became part of the Madras Presidency after the delimitation of Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait during British rule between the then governments of Madras and Ceylon.
  • In 1974, Katchatheevu was ceded to Sri Lanka through the Indo-Sri Lankan Maritime agreement to settle the maritime boundary in the Palk Strait.
  • But in 1976, another agreement was finalized to determine the boundary in the Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal and restricted both the countries’ fishermen from fishing in the other’s waters.

Current Affairs Capsules

AYUSH GRID
  • Aims to bring onboard all AYUSH facilities including hospitals and laboratories and to promote traditional systems of healthcare.
  • Ministry of AYUSH has conceptualized AYUSH GRID Project for digitalization of the entire AYUSH Sector.