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LUCID MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2018

  1. LATERAL ENTRY IN CIVIL SERVICES

ENTERING CIVIL SERVICE IS THROUGH 2 WAYS

  1. By clearing UPSC exam
  2. Through promotion of eligible candidates working in different state services.

NEED TO FOCUS

  • Recent advertisement by government to recruit private individuals for 10 joint Secretary level post.
  • 2nd ARC report also recommended for lateral entry.

PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE

  • Not first time in India.
  • Both center and state had already tried lateral entry on ad hoc basis.
  • Result were mixed with some success and some failure.
  • Reason for failure – lateral entrants couldn’t fit in to the system.
  • NITI Aayog also recommended for lateral entry last year.

WHY WE NEED LATERAL ENTRY?

  • Indian administrative service was modeled during colonial era.
  • Earlier they only had to deliver core functions.
  • Now, has to deal with development and other section of the society ,and has become little

         COMPLEX AFTER TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT.

  • Career progression in Indian administrative system is almost automatic, not based on merit.
  • Will make them more competent as has to push themselves for self-improvement.
  • Trend across the world.
  • Lateral entry is common among worlds most well administered countries.
  • Lateral entry in other services in India.
  • Indian economic service has often been occupied by lateral entrants.
  • Other departments like atomic energy and science and technology are also manned by experts with domain knowledge.

CHALLENGES BEFORE THE GOVERNMENT.

  • Transparency in the recruitment process.
  • if once known for political influence, the entire process will be stigmatized.
  • Making them more aware of the government.
  • must know the working process of government as government sector is entirely different from a private entity
  • a government entities aim as well as method of working also will be different
  • Attracting talented people for the post.
  • contract is for 3 year extendable for 5 year – short to make a career
  • Remuneration also will be low compared to private sector.
  • So far the received applications are less than expected.
  • Noncooperation from existing officers.
  • Will be threatened by losing their opportunities for promotion.
  • Reservation
  • Has to decide whether reservation should be given or not.

POSITIVE OUTCOME, IF LATERAL ENTRY IS ALLOWED

  • Bring needed outside experience.
  • Regular officers are likely to think from within the system compared to lateral entrants who are from outside.
  • Having an outside view help to create a broader view.
  • Will make regular officers more competent, as it will push them for continues self-improvement?
  • Make it easy to achieve the goal of “minimum government, maximum governance “- as it takes both young talents and experienced talents.
  • Reduce red tapism.
  • Their work will be target oriented, improving performance of the government.

NEGATIVE OUTCOME

  • Understanding the process of government will be difficult.
  • Privilege issue between lateral entrants and existing civil servants.
  • Risk of powerful corporate groups placing their men in key positions of government.
  • Break “steel frame of governance “.
  • Privatization of administrative system.
  • Chance of political patronage.
  • May cause corruption.
  • Undermine reservation

WAY FORWARD

  • Let UPSC handle the whole process of recruitment.
  • To reduce political interference.
  • To make it merit based and transparent.
  • Sack corrupt and incompetent officers.
  • Under All India services and central services conduct rules.
  • Complement lateral entry by allowing regular officers to specialize in other sectors.
  • Give training to lateral entrants.
  • to make them familiar with the functions and working of government .