LUCID MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2018
- LATERAL ENTRY IN CIVIL SERVICES
ENTERING CIVIL SERVICE IS THROUGH 2 WAYS
- By clearing UPSC exam
- Through promotion of eligible candidates working in different state services.
NEED TO FOCUS
- Recent advertisement by government to recruit private individuals for 10 joint Secretary level post.
- 2nd ARC report also recommended for lateral entry.
- Not first time in India.
- Both center and state had already tried lateral entry on ad hoc basis.
- Result were mixed with some success and some failure.
- Reason for failure – lateral entrants couldn’t fit in to the system.
- NITI Aayog also recommended for lateral entry last year.
WHY WE NEED LATERAL ENTRY?
- Indian administrative service was modeled during colonial era.
- Earlier they only had to deliver core functions.
- Now, has to deal with development and other section of the society ,and has become little
COMPLEX AFTER TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT.
- Career progression in Indian administrative system is almost automatic, not based on merit.
- Will make them more competent as has to push themselves for self-improvement.
- Trend across the world.
- Lateral entry is common among worlds most well administered countries.
- Lateral entry in other services in India.
- Indian economic service has often been occupied by lateral entrants.
- Other departments like atomic energy and science and technology are also manned by experts with domain knowledge.
CHALLENGES BEFORE THE GOVERNMENT.
- Transparency in the recruitment process.
- if once known for political influence, the entire process will be stigmatized.
- Making them more aware of the government.
- must know the working process of government as government sector is entirely different from a private entity
- a government entities aim as well as method of working also will be different
- Attracting talented people for the post.
- contract is for 3 year extendable for 5 year – short to make a career
- Remuneration also will be low compared to private sector.
- So far the received applications are less than expected.
- Noncooperation from existing officers.
- Will be threatened by losing their opportunities for promotion.
- Has to decide whether reservation should be given or not.
POSITIVE OUTCOME, IF LATERAL ENTRY IS ALLOWED
- Bring needed outside experience.
- Regular officers are likely to think from within the system compared to lateral entrants who are from outside.
- Having an outside view help to create a broader view.
- Will make regular officers more competent, as it will push them for continues self-improvement?
- Make it easy to achieve the goal of “minimum government, maximum governance “- as it takes both young talents and experienced talents.
- Reduce red tapism.
- Their work will be target oriented, improving performance of the government.
- Understanding the process of government will be difficult.
- Privilege issue between lateral entrants and existing civil servants.
- Risk of powerful corporate groups placing their men in key positions of government.
- Break “steel frame of governance “.
- Privatization of administrative system.
- Chance of political patronage.
- May cause corruption.
- Undermine reservation
- Let UPSC handle the whole process of recruitment.
- To reduce political interference.
- To make it merit based and transparent.
- Sack corrupt and incompetent officers.
- Under All India services and central services conduct rules.
- Complement lateral entry by allowing regular officers to specialize in other sectors.
- Give training to lateral entrants.
- to make them familiar with the functions and working of government .