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LUCID MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2018

  1. GOBAR DHAN YOJANA

Full form – Galvanizing Organic Bio – Agro Resources Dhan Yojana

WHY TO FOCUS?

  • According to 2014 ILO study, the productive use of dung could support 1.5 million jobs annually.
  • India have large cattle population in the world close to 300 million in number.
  • China and some other European countries are using dung and other organic waste to generate energy.
  • It was first announced by finance minister during 2018 -19 Budget.
  • The Ministry of drinking water and sanitation has launched Gobar Dhan Scheme in March 2018.

WHAT’S GOBAR DHAN YOJANA?

  • The ministry of drinking water and sanitation has launched gobar dhan scheme.
  • Its launched under Swachh Bharat Mission (gramin).
  • The scheme focus on converting dung and solid waste in farms to useful compost ,bio gas

And bio – CNG, hence keeping village clean and increasing income for the rural people.

FEATURES

  • Use cow dung and domestic waste to produce bio gas.
  • There will be an online trading platform to connect farmers with the consumers for facilitating

The scheme, ensures right price for cow dung and waste.

  • The activities will be through the involvement of self-group and creative society.
  • Can be considered as step for doubling the farmers’ income by 2022.
  • Over 115 districts has been selected for implementation of the scheme.

OBJECTIVES

  • To make village clean.
  • To generate wealth and energy from cattle and other waste.
  • Creating a new livelihood opportunity and income for farmers.

BENEFITS

  • Dung fuel
  • The dung can be transformed to a type of bio fertilizer and can be used by villagers for Fueling up their stoves at home.
  • Clean village
  • Maintain the hygiene of the village.
  • Help to curb the open defecation.
  • Increase the quality of life of the people.
  • Income generation.
  • An alternative income for farmers without much investment.
  • Compost
  • Will be able to make use of easily available compost fertilizers for their farm field.
  • Infrastructure development.
  • Under this, government also develop the infrastructure to promote development.
  • Power generation.
  • Biogas produced from this can also be used for generating electricity for the village.
  • Long term use.
  • Fuels made out of dung can be used to meet the increasing need for fuel with increasing vehicle on road.
  • Employment generation.
  • More green jobs will be created related to waste collection, transportation etc.
  • Stable fuel supply.
  • Ensure stable fuel supply in the market for oil companies.
  • Self-reliance in energy.
  • The energy needed for villagers will be produced by themselves making them self-reliant.
  • Improve health of the cattle.
  • Clean surrounding added up with better money for investment ensure good health condition of cattle.
  • Save environment.
  • Bio gas have little impact on environment compared to other petroleum fuels.
  • Minimize the use of conventional energy.
  • Bio fertilizers will be more environment friendly than chemical fertilizers as it will Preserve the soil fertility and protect the farmer friendly microorganisms.
  • Will help to achieve the target of Paris agreement on climate change.
  • Help to meet the commitment towards sustainable development goals – goal 7 of Clean and affordable energy
  • Increase GDP of the country.
  • As more people are coming under employment and more income are available for the people.
  • Help to reduce balance of payment.
  • Low import bill on fuel price can save a huge amount of money.
  • Attract Indian private companies to rural area.
  • Help to develop the area automatically.

CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTING

  • Adding value to the utilization of dung.
  • Incentivising farmers to think of their cattle waste as a source of income.
  • To keep the community clean.
  • Aggregation of cattle waste and maintaining the regular supply to plant operators.
  • Educating and providing skill to the farmers.

WAY FORWARD

  • Requires involvement of all actors and sectors.
  • Private and local entrepreneur’s investments are needed.
  • Panchayat and village community must take the responsibility to divert the dung from

Going to water bodies and dumping yard etc.

  • Educate and provide adequate skill to set up their own compost plants.