LUCID MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2018
- GOBAR DHAN YOJANA
Full form – Galvanizing Organic Bio – Agro Resources Dhan Yojana
WHY TO FOCUS?
- According to 2014 ILO study, the productive use of dung could support 1.5 million jobs annually.
- India have large cattle population in the world close to 300 million in number.
- China and some other European countries are using dung and other organic waste to generate energy.
- It was first announced by finance minister during 2018 -19 Budget.
- The Ministry of drinking water and sanitation has launched Gobar Dhan Scheme in March 2018.
WHAT’S GOBAR DHAN YOJANA?
- The ministry of drinking water and sanitation has launched gobar dhan scheme.
- Its launched under Swachh Bharat Mission (gramin).
- The scheme focus on converting dung and solid waste in farms to useful compost ,bio gas
And bio – CNG, hence keeping village clean and increasing income for the rural people.
- Use cow dung and domestic waste to produce bio gas.
- There will be an online trading platform to connect farmers with the consumers for facilitating
The scheme, ensures right price for cow dung and waste.
- The activities will be through the involvement of self-group and creative society.
- Can be considered as step for doubling the farmers’ income by 2022.
- Over 115 districts has been selected for implementation of the scheme.
- To make village clean.
- To generate wealth and energy from cattle and other waste.
- Creating a new livelihood opportunity and income for farmers.
- Dung fuel
- The dung can be transformed to a type of bio fertilizer and can be used by villagers for Fueling up their stoves at home.
- Clean village
- Maintain the hygiene of the village.
- Help to curb the open defecation.
- Increase the quality of life of the people.
- Income generation.
- An alternative income for farmers without much investment.
- Will be able to make use of easily available compost fertilizers for their farm field.
- Infrastructure development.
- Under this, government also develop the infrastructure to promote development.
- Power generation.
- Biogas produced from this can also be used for generating electricity for the village.
- Long term use.
- Fuels made out of dung can be used to meet the increasing need for fuel with increasing vehicle on road.
- Employment generation.
- More green jobs will be created related to waste collection, transportation etc.
- Stable fuel supply.
- Ensure stable fuel supply in the market for oil companies.
- Self-reliance in energy.
- The energy needed for villagers will be produced by themselves making them self-reliant.
- Improve health of the cattle.
- Clean surrounding added up with better money for investment ensure good health condition of cattle.
- Save environment.
- Bio gas have little impact on environment compared to other petroleum fuels.
- Minimize the use of conventional energy.
- Bio fertilizers will be more environment friendly than chemical fertilizers as it will Preserve the soil fertility and protect the farmer friendly microorganisms.
- Will help to achieve the target of Paris agreement on climate change.
- Help to meet the commitment towards sustainable development goals – goal 7 of Clean and affordable energy
- Increase GDP of the country.
- As more people are coming under employment and more income are available for the people.
- Help to reduce balance of payment.
- Low import bill on fuel price can save a huge amount of money.
- Attract Indian private companies to rural area.
- Help to develop the area automatically.
CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTING
- Adding value to the utilization of dung.
- Incentivising farmers to think of their cattle waste as a source of income.
- To keep the community clean.
- Aggregation of cattle waste and maintaining the regular supply to plant operators.
- Educating and providing skill to the farmers.
- Requires involvement of all actors and sectors.
- Private and local entrepreneur’s investments are needed.
- Panchayat and village community must take the responsibility to divert the dung from
Going to water bodies and dumping yard etc.
- Educate and provide adequate skill to set up their own compost plants.